Do You Know What I Feel? Partners’ Predictions and Judgments of Each Other’s Emotional Reactions to Emotion-Eliciting Situations
Référence bibliographique 
Senécal, Sacha, Murard, Nadine et Hess, Ursula. 2003. «Do You Know What I Feel? Partners’ Predictions and Judgments of Each Other’s Emotional Reactions to Emotion-Eliciting Situations ». Sex Roles, vol. 48, no 1-2, p. 21-37.
Intentions : «In the present study we aimed to investigate empathic accuracy in couples. We were interested in studying partners’ ability to predict each other’s likely emotional reactions on different levels.» (p. 23)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Thirty-six heterosexual French Canadian couples, who had been together for at least 6 months, participated in the first part of the study, for a total of 72 participants. Participants’ ages ranged from 18 to 34 years with an average of 24.1 years.» (p. 23)
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Although complex, the pattern of results showed that overall, empathic accuracy was highest for the predictions of the partners’ reactions to hypothetical situations. In this context, the participants’ self-predictions and their partners’ predictions agree for both global emotional reactions and for predicted behaviors. Further, partners agree with each other, as well as with strangers, on ratings of the video-taped nonverbal behaviors, with only few exceptions, most of which are related to the ’women are more withdrawing’ stereotype (e.g., Hess et al., 2000). However, when predictions were compared with ratings, substantial differences emerged. Overall, participants tended to expected their partners to react more appropriately to the emotion elicitor than is evidenced by the partners’ actual behavior. For example, participants expect their partners to show more positive reactions in happiness situations than were actually shown by the partners. This study thus outlines a specific bias shown when evaluating one’s partner’s likely reaction that is in line with Murray, Holmes, and Griffin’s (1996a, 1996b) observation that individuals expect their partners to show the ’proper behavior’ in a given situation.» (p. 35)