Bond, Sharon B. et Bond, Michael. 2004. «Attachment Styles and Violence Within Couples ». Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 192, no 12, p. 857-863.
Intentions : «For the present study, we examined attachment styles and marital satisfaction (including global distress and problem solving communication) as predictors of being a victim of physical violence in the couple relationship. We examined discordant couples who presented to community clinics for marital problems other than violence, with the aim of discovering whether the pattern of males with a dismissive attachment style with women with an anxious attachment style predicted couple violence. We also examined whether marital satisfaction and sociodemographic variables contributed to the prediction of violence.» (p. 857-858)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The sample was selected from four community-based couple and family therapy treatment facilities located in Montreal, Quebec. All English-speaking, heterosexual, married or cohabiting couples accepted for assessment in each of the four clinics were approached for inclusion in this study. […] Eighty-six individuals participated in this study, involving 43 heterosexual couples in permanent relationships.» (p. 858)
Instruments : - The Marital Satisfaction Inventory Revised - Aggression subscale of the MSI-R - Partner Abuse Scale-Physical - Physical Abuse of Partner Scale - The Relationship Questionnaire - The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Females were largely classified as having an anxious attachment style and males as dismissing and secure. […] Logistic regression has provided evidence for the combination of female-anxious and male-dismissing attachment patterns with poor problem-solving and communication skills within the context of a longer relationship as significant predictors of relationship violence for the whole sample. Couples with this relationship pattern are approximately nine times more likely to have violence in their relationship than couples who do not report this combination of attachment styles. These results have identified a particular toxic gender-defined couple attachment pattern that can predispose a couple for relationship violence. […] Anger then becomes integrated into couples’ behavioral repertoire, with its central function the preservation of the relational integrity. From this perspective, functional anger can be seen as a progression from the healthy expression of individual need to forceful coercion, designed to preserve the couple homeostasis.» (p. 862)