Communities Being Well for Family Well-Being: Exploring the Socio-Ecological Determinants of Well-Being in an Inuit Community of Northern Quebec
Référence bibliographique 
Fraser, Sarah L., Parent, Valérie et Dupéré, Véronique. 2018. «Communities Being Well for Family Well-Being: Exploring the Socio-Ecological Determinants of Well-Being in an Inuit Community of Northern Quebec ». Transcultural Psychiatry, vol. 55, no 1, p. 120-146.
Intentions : «The purpose of this study [is] to explore the role of socio-ecological community factors in family well-being as narrated by Inuit families of Nunavik, Quebec.» (p. 137)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Family connectedness, and sharing between families being central to wellness, we wonder how current community life, with its ups and downs, influences family well-being?» (p. 123)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’échantillon est composé de 14 participantes (13 femmes et 1 homme) provenant de la communauté du Nunavik, dans la région du Nord-du-Québec.
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«Two main mechanisms by which socio-environmental factors influence family emerged from participants’ narratives […]. The first mechanism is perhaps more distal, but nonetheless omnipresent and pervasive. It includes all indirect exposures to community difficulties. The second is more proximal, including actively supporting community members. Regarding more distal mechanisms, people spoke of how everyday life and family interactions were influenced by the presence of community stressors. For example, parents may feel worried and frustrated at having children playing in an environment where they are exposed to alcohol misuse and violence. Exposure to such persistent daily stressors is a strong predictor of negative psychological outcomes […].» (p. 137-138) «Another related example of this more distal mechanism was peer bullying. Parents felt that bullying within the community was due in part to hunger, poverty, exposure to violence, and children being placed in foster homes. Bullying was a constant threat to families and led parents to distance their children from other children and from school.» (p. 138) Regarding proximal mechanisms, «there exist various forms of formal and informal support in the community that are used in different ways. Support of grandparents, spirituality, going on the land, and friends were all described as positive and beneficial and were never described negatively.» (p. 139)
Effects of Binge Drinking on Infant Growth and Development in an Inuit Sample
Référence bibliographique 
Fraser, Sarah L., Muckle, Gina, Abdous, Belkacem B., Jacobson, Josph L. et Jacobson, Sandra W. 2012. «Effects of Binge Drinking on Infant Growth and Development in an Inuit Sample ». Alcohol, vol. 46, no 3, p. 277-283.
Intentions : «The aim of this study is to assess whether prenatal exposure to alcohol is associated with effects on fetal growth, visual acuity, and cognitive development in a population where average daily alcohol use is low but binge consumption is common, thereby resulting in infrequent exposure to concentrated levels of alcohol. A second aim is to determine which among several different indicators of alcohol consumption best predicts prenatal growth and development.» (p. 278)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’échantillon compte 251 mères du Nunavik.
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
According to the authors, «[i]n this sample where 38.1% of women binged at least once during pregnancy, prenatal exposure was associated with reduced weight and head circumference at birth and poorer visual acuity at 6 months of age. […] In the current study, birth length was not significantly associated with in utero exposure to alcohol. Although past studies have found an association between prenatal alcohol exposure and birth length, these associations have generally been found in cohorts where total alcohol consumption and/or frequency of bingeing were considerably higher than in the current sample. […] It is noteworthy that cigarette smoking during pregnancy was not significantly correlated with any of the prenatal growth parameters assessed in this study and was, therefore, not entered into any of the multiple regression models as a potential confounding variable. […] The second aim of this study was to determine which of four indicators of alcohol consumption best predicted prenatal growth and infant development outcomes. [T]he dichotomous variable binge (yes/no) was consistently associated with the greatest variance in birth weight, head circumference, and visual acuity, whereas frequency of binge consumption explained the least variance.» (p. 282-283)