Incidence and Determinants of Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Young Adults
Référence bibliographique 
O’Loughlin, Jennifer L., Dugas, Erika N., O’Loughlin, Erin K., Karp, Igor et Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre. 2014. «Incidence and Determinants of Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Young Adults ». Journal of Adolescent Health Care, vol. 54, p. 26-32.
Intentions : «The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of cigarette smoking initiation in young adulthood, and to identify predictors of initiation in young adults.» (p. 27)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Data were drawn from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) Study, a prospective cohort investigation of 1,293 students recruited in 1999-2000 from all grade 7 classes in a convenience sample of 10 high schools in or near Montreal, Canada.» (p. 27)
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Transition from adolescence to young adulthood represents a critical life period during which young people graduate from high school and leave home to attend college or university or join the workforce. These changes are typically characterized by decreasing parental control and changing social networks, which may increase susceptibility to smoking.» (p. 26) À la lumière de leurs recherches, les auteurs concluent que «[s]everal longitudinal studies support an association between alcohol consumption and smoking initiation in young adults. With decreased parental monitoring after high school, young persons may increasingly frequent bars and other places where young people gather to drink, thereby increasing exposure to peer smoking.» (p. 29) «Higher impulsivity was associated with later initiation in the current study. It is possible that during high school, young people with higher impulsivity were more closely monitored by their parents because of problems related to impulsivity. There is indeed evidence that adolescents whose parents use effective monitoring practices are less likely to smoke cigarettes. However once these young people leave the home environment, the protective influence of parental monitoring may no longer be present, such that smoking initiation is simply delayed in this subgroup.» (p. 30-31)