The Developmental Origins of Dependency-Related Vulnerabilities to Depression: Recalled Peer Attachments and Current Levels of Neediness and Connectedness
Référence bibliographique 
Kopala-Sibley, Daniel, Zuroff, David C., Leybman, Michelle J. et Hope, Nora. 2012. «The Developmental Origins of Dependency-Related Vulnerabilities to Depression: Recalled Peer Attachments and Current Levels of Neediness and Connectedness ». Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement / Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, vol. 44, no 4, p. 264-271.
Intentions : «[T]he purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between recalled peer relationship experiences and current levels of Neediness and Connectedness. This paper is not meant to examine the development of depression itself, but rather the recalled developmental factors in childhood and adolescence that are related to current levels of a personality style that confers a vulnerability to depression.» (p. 264)
Questions/Hypothèses : «It was expected that, controlling for parenting behaviours, better quality peer attachments would predict more Connectedness and less Neediness. It also was expected that peer attachments would relate more strongly to Connectedness and Neediness when parents were recalled as being uncaring, but would relate less strongly when parents were recalled as being controlling.» (p. 266)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Questionnaires were administered to 200 college students (103 women) who ranged in age from 18 to 25». (p. 266)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«This study found that, controlling for the effects of parental care and control as well as Neuroticism and Agreeableness, better quality recalled peer attachments were related to more Connectedness and less Neediness. Furthermore, the effects of peer attachments on Connectedness were stronger for males than females, and stronger when maternal care was low. The effects of peer attachments on Neediness were no longer significant when maternal control was high. These results suggest a role for peer attachments in the development of personality vulnerabilities to depression. Despite this, longitudinal research is required to clarify the relationships between parenting, peer attachments, and vulnerabilities to depression. Understanding the development of personality risk factors for depression may better allow the early identification of those at risk for depression as well as how best to prevent the development of a vulnerable personality style.» (p. 269-270)