Towards a Socioecological Framework to Support Mental Health Caregivers: Implications for Social Work Practice and Education
Référence bibliographique 
Ahmed, Rana, Bruce, Sheryl et Jurcik, Tomas. 2018. «Towards a Socioecological Framework to Support Mental Health Caregivers: Implications for Social Work Practice and Education ». Social Work in Mental Health, vol. 16, no 1, p. 105-122.
Intentions : «The current discussion article highlights several practice frameworks that target different levels of the socioecological framework to inform social work practice with mental health caregivers.» (p. 107)
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Analyse théorique
«[T]he present framework emphasizes social work interventions within the […] microsystem by integrating attachment theory to enhance caregiver-care recipient relationship and positive help seeking patterns, and a strengths-based approach that emphasizes working with the family to mobilize capabilities and resilience; […] mesosystem by emphasizing community-based interventions, promoting the caregiver’s network development and empowerment within a local community; […] exosystem by understanding the role of local policies and research priorities that calls for inclusion of caregiver’s needs within the mental healthcare system; and lastly […] macrosystem by exploring the role of ideology in shaping mental health caregiving discourse.» (p. 107) «The [developed] socioecological framework is germane to social workers’ efforts to acknowledge and support the needs of mental health caregivers. The model provides a practice framework for social workers regarding strategies and competencies to engage mental health caregivers as mutual partners in the recovery process. In addition, the framework can be useful to generate solutions that extend beyond the [family] caregiver alone, but also target the social environment that the caregiver is embedded in. A central tenet of the framework is that it assumes that the different subsystems are in constant flux and in interaction with each other, allowing for top-down (government policies) as well as bottom-up influences (grass-root movements that influence policy or new forms of intervention).» (p. 117)
How do Drug and Alcohol Use Relate to Parental Bonding and Risk Perception in University Students
Référence bibliographique 
Jurcik, Tomas, Moulding, Richard et Naujokaitis, Emma. 2013. «How do Drug and Alcohol Use Relate to Parental Bonding and Risk Perception in University Students ». Journal of Substance Use, vol. 18, no 4, p. 254-261.
Intentions : «The current study investigates the link between parenting patterns, risk perceptions and substance use.» (p. 255)
Questions/Hypothèses : «It was hypothesized that negative parenting patterns (particularly ‘affectionless control’) and lower risk perceptions would relate to greater levels of substance use. Furthermore, it was suggested that the relationship between parenting and substance use would be mediated via risk perceptions.» (p. 255)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Three-hundred and fifty-four volunteer participants from a major English language urban university in Montreal, Canada, completed the survey. Eighteen surveys had missing sections, leaving 336 surveys that were retained.» (p. 255)
Instruments : Questionnaire (The Canadian Campus Survey)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«In this study, we examined the relationship between parenting patterns, risk perceptions, and alcohol, cigarettes, cannabis and other substance use in students attending a major Canadian university. Consistent with hypotheses, perceptions that drug use is dangerous were related to less frequency of use of all substances and also to the problems resulting from alcohol use. Furthermore, parenting patterns were related to the use of some substances, particularly with two of the three measures of alcohol use. While parenting did not relate to the use of cigarettes and cannabis, maternal parenting did relate to the monthly use of hard drugs, with ‘affectionless control’ styles showing the most dysfunctional pattern of drug use. Unexpectedly, there was little relationship between parenting patterns and perceptions of risk.» (p. 259-260)