Couples’ Negative Interaction Behaviors and Borderline Personality Disorder
Référence bibliographique 
de Montigny-Malenfant, Béatrice, Santerre, Marie-Ève, Bouchard, Sébastien, Sabourin, Stéphane, Lazaridès, Ariane et Bélanger, Claude. 2013. «Couples’ Negative Interaction Behaviors and Borderline Personality Disorder ». American Journal of Family Therapy, vol. 41, no 3, p. 259-271.
Intentions : «This study thus aims to evaluate the quality of relationships of couples in which women were diagnosed with BPD [Borderline Personality Disorder], using behavioral observation of their interactions.» (p. 262)
Questions/Hypothèses : «The first hypothesis stipulated that, compared to community couples, couples in which the woman had BPD would present more overall negative problem-solving behaviors during their interactions. These negative behaviors refer to withdrawal, dominance or attack behaviors toward their partner. […] The second hypothesis was that among couples in which the woman had BPD, women would manifest more negative problem-solving behaviors than their partners.» (p. 262)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The sample of BPD couples was comprised of 28 heterosexual married (n = 7), cohabiting (n = 12), and non-cohabiting (n = 9) couples. […] The nonclinical sample included 82 couples, 39 of which were married and 43 were cohabiting.» (p. 262-263)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Both community and BPD couples displayed withdrawal and criticism behaviors during conflict resolution. However, couples in which the woman had BPD adopted more dominance behaviors than community couples. Thus, in BPD couples, there was more asymmetry in efforts to directly control or dominate the conversation. In these couples, both partners were more stubborn, more resistant and less inclined to change their opinion. When discussing to find solutions for a relationship problem, they both attempted to control the conversation. As expected, BPD was associated with various negative problem-solving communication behaviors typically displayed in dysfunctional couple interactions. […] The second hypothesis, that women with BPD would present more negative problem-solving behaviors than their partners, was not confirmed when all negative behaviors were cumulated. The results suggest that women with BPD and their partners generally adopt similar levels of avoidance, dominance and criticism behaviors. A priori, these findings may appear surprising, as clinicians often expect the partner with BPD adopt more negative behaviors within the couple. These results rather suggest that when one member of a couple has BPD, both partners contribute to negative interactions.» (p. 266-268)