Contribution of Attachment Security to the Prediction of Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Preschoolers Victims of Sexual Abuse
Référence bibliographique 
Beaudoin, Geneviève, Hébert, Manon et Bernier, Annie. 2013. «Contribution of Attachment Security to the Prediction of Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Preschoolers Victims of Sexual Abuse ». Revue européenne de psychologie appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology, vol. 63, no 3, p. 147-157.
Intentions : «The goal of this study is to first provide a descriptive portrait of a group of preschool children consulting a specialized pediatric clinic following disclosure of sexual abuse. Given the lack of studies with this population, the data collected will allow a symptomatic profile to be identified, while examining the importance of individual variables on the psychological and behavioral adjustment of children who disclose a SA [sexual abuse]. Thus, the study aims to explore whether child attachment representations contribute to the prediction of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in children who are victims, beyond the characteristics of the SA.» (p. 150)
Échantillon/Matériau : «All non-offending parents and children between the ages of 3 and 6 years (89% girls and 11% boys, M = 4.80 years; SD = 0.87) consulting the Clinique de pédiatrie socio-juridique du centre hospitalier universitaire Mère-Enfant Sainte-Justine of Montreal (CHU Sainte-Justine) for medical evaluation purposes in the context of SA (disclosed or suspected) were solicited to participate in the study. […] Of the 116 participants, 103 (88.8%) are girls and 13 are boys. Among this sample, 31.1% of the mothers are employed full-time, as are 69.5% of the fathers.» (p. 150)
Instruments : - Questionnaire sur la Victimisation de l’Enfant - Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Despite the severity of the trauma, children from this sample presented a rate of secure attachment patterns (59%), which resembled that found in the general population (62%). […] Notwithstanding this methodological question, internalizing behavior problems among the children of this sample were predicted by parental clinical psychological distress, the intra-familial nature of the SA, and children’s disorganized attachment representations. The findings of this study on disorganized/disoriented attachment patterns among sexually abused preschoolers brings forth a unique contribution in predicting internalizing behavior problems beyond the characteristics of the SA. Therefore, a child having experienced SA and presenting a disorganized/disoriented pattern, in comparison to a child with a secure attachment pattern, is six times more at risk of exhibiting important internalizing symptoms shortly after disclosure. In addition to the disorganized/disoriented pattern, parental clinical psychological distress also affects the child’s internalizing problems. […] Regarding the prediction of clinical externalizing behavior problems, the importance of attachment trumps that of parental psychological distress, child age, and the characteristics of the SA. Hence, sexually abused preschoolers who have a disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern are four times more at risk of exhibiting clinical externalizing behavior problems, in comparison to children presenting a secure attachment pattern.» (p. 154)