Family Proximity and the Labor Force Status of Women in Canada
Référence bibliographique 
Compton, Janice. 2013. «Family Proximity and the Labor Force Status of Women in Canada ». Review of Economics of the Household, p. 1-36.
Intentions : «In this paper, I […] examine the patterns of family proximity in Canada and the effect of close proximity and co-residence on the labor force participation of women aged 45–60.» (p. 1-2)
Questions/Hypothèses : «I argue that the relationship between proximity and labor supply is most likely due to transfers of care, and therefore focus on women and their mothers or mothers-in-law as care transfers tend to be gendered.» (p. 2)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Information on both proximity and labor force attachment is included in the 2007 Canadian General Social Survey, Cycle 21: Social Support and Aging (GSS-21). The target sample for this cycle includes all Canadians aged 45 and older, living in the ten provinces. I consider four sub-samples of the data.» (p. 4)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Transfers of elder care and childcare between mothers and daughters are strongly influenced by proximity, yet proximity to family has remained an understudied topic in Canadian labor economics. I first estimate the determinants of family proximity in Canada and find strong geographic differences in proximity with the likelihood of living close to ones mother declining from East to West.» (p. 30) For exemple, «[i]ndividuals born in Quebec are most likely to reside in the same neighborhood as their mothers, and less likely to live more than half a day away». (p. 7) «For women, marital status and immigrant status also influence proximity. Co-residence is more likely to occur when mothers’ characteristics indicate a higher need for care: mothers are unmarried and in poor health. […] Two opposing influences of residing close to one’s mother are noted: available transfers of childcare may increase the labor force participation of women; while needed transfers of eldercare may decrease the labor force participation of women.» (p. 30)