Parental Involvement in Sport and the Satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs: Perspectives from Parent–Child Dyads
Référence bibliographique 
Felber Charbonneau, Evelyne et Camiré, Martin. 2019. «Parental Involvement in Sport and the Satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs: Perspectives from Parent–Child Dyads ». International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.
Intentions : «[T]he purpose of the study [is] to examine parents’ and children’s perspectives on how parental involvement in sport influences basic psychological needs satisfaction.» (p. 3)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Consistent with the study purpose, the research question driving the study was: How do parents and children believe parents’ involvement in sport influences basic psychological needs satisfaction?» (p. 3)
Échantillon/Matériau : «A total of eight athletes (three males, five females, […] age range: 12–16 years) and eight parents (six males, two females, […] age range: 36–53 years) formed the eight parent–child dyads […].» (p. 4) «The participants were recruited from youth sport programmes in the Greater Montreal metropolitan area in the province of Quebec (Canada).» (p. 5)
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«Overall, it was found that parents were believed to generally satisfy their children’s basic psychological needs in sport. In instances when needs frustration was documented, a lack of communication of expectations between parent and child was often involved. A study strength resides in presenting the results in a dyadic format, meaning that each theme was supported by quotes from a parent and a child within the same dyad. The results contribute to advancing the parenting in sport literature by providing tangible occurrences during which parents and athletes converged or diverged on their perspective of parental involvement in sport. Such results allow for a more nuanced portrait of the behaviours preferred by athletes that parents should consider adopting to promote needs satisfaction and avoid needs frustration.» (p. 15)
The Development of Life Skills and Values in High School Sport: Is There a Gap Between Stakeholder’s Expectations and Perceived Experiences?
Référence bibliographique 
Forneris, Tanya, Camiré, Martin et Trudel, Pierre. 2012. «The Development of Life Skills and Values in High School Sport: Is There a Gap Between Stakeholder’s Expectations and Perceived Experiences? ». International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, vol. 10, no 1, p. 9-23.
Intentions : «This research was designed to examine stakeholders’ expectations regarding the influence sport should ideally be having on youth development compared to their perceived experiences of how much sport is, in reality, having an impact on youth development.» (p. 9)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Four research questions were proposed: (a) Are stakeholders aware of the mission statements of their school and their regional school sport association?; (b) What are stakeholder’s expectations of how high school sport should ideally impact the development of life skills and values in student-athletes?; (c)What are stakeholder’s perceived experiences of the real impact school sport is having on the development of life skills and values in student-athletes?; (d) Are there discrepancies across stakeholders in their expectations of what high school sport should ideally be doing as opposed to their perceived experiences of the real impact high school sport is having on the development of life skills and values of student-athletes?» (p. 11)
Échantillon/Matériau : «A sample of 915 participants, which included administrators, coaches, athletes, and parents, took part in this study. Participants were recruited across the entire province of Quebec in Canada and more specifically from all of the 14 administrative regions of the Federation quebecoise du sport etudiant [sic] (FQSE), the governing body of school sport in the province.» (p. 11)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Although research has shown that youth can learn life skills and values through sport, and a multitude of scholars assert that sport is a context that should promote the development of life skills and values, little research has investigated the collective expectations and experiences of youth sport stakeholders.» (p. 9) «The results of this study indicate that the awareness of mission statements varied significantly across the different groups of stakeholders with administrators having the greatest level of awareness followed by the coaches, parents, and finally athletes. [...] As it relates to ideal development of life skills, it appears that athletes have less expectations that sport should help them develop skills such as self-control compared to administrators, coaches, and parents (i.e., external assets) but that they have higher expectations of sport to teach them how to set and attain goals.» (p. 19) Note : L’influence parentale est étudiée dans le cadre de cette recherche.