Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior
Référence bibliographique 
Hausfather, Albert, Toharia, Angeles, LaRoche, Catherine et Engelsmann, Frank. 1997. «Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 38, no 4, p. 441-448.
Questions/Hypothèses : « In the present research, the quality of the day-care program is hypothesized to be the main determinant of risk or benefit of attendance from an early age. » (p. 442)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Out of 300 families contacted, 155 agreed to participate in the study. [...] The ages of the children at the time of the study ranged from 48 to 60 months (M=55 months). All children were attending group day-care for at least 20 hours per week, and had been in the present center for at least 3 months prior to the study. [...] There were 88 boys and 67 girls. Most families were two-parent (79%) and francophone (63%). » (p. 442)
Instruments : - Social Competence Scale (SCS; Kohn + Rosman, 1973); - Preschool Behavior Checklist (PBC; McGuire + Richman, 1986); - Life Event Questionnaire; - Parenting Stress Index (PSI- short form; Abidin, 1990); - Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-II, abbreviated form; Olson, Russell + Sprenkle, 1989).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Teachers evaluated 155 4-5 year-old children attending Montréal day-care centers of excellent (N=51), average (N=60), or low (N=44) quality using behavioral scales. Age of entry to day-care was also considered. Center quality was assessed by two observers using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. Results point to the positive effects of longer exposure to high-quality group day-care (increased interest-participation), and the negative effects of longer exposure to low-quality centers (increased anger-defiance). Positive of negative family characteristics contributed further to these effects. » (p. 441)