The Effects of Prolonged Family Separation and Re-unification on Refugees and New Immigrants of African Origin: Implications for Multicultural Social Work Practice
Référence bibliographique 
Bonsu-Boateng, Kwadwo. 1998. «The Effects of Prolonged Family Separation and Re-unification on Refugees and New Immigrants of African Origin: Implications for Multicultural Social Work Practice». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montreal, Université McGill, École de travail social.
Intentions : « First, I will try to explore what happens to the family members when they are left behind, what happens to them in terms of their mental health, emotional or psychological development, and what happens to the family members who immigrate to Canada. The problems they face with immigration, racism, discrimination, job opportunities and psychological problems as well as financial problems are constant realities. I will find out what happens when eventually the family members who were originally left over are reunited with the family in Canada. I will explore challenges which will be facing these young people who have come to a new country; if they are to grow up with a positive sense of self-identity, and if they are to be considered full participants in Canadian society. I will also examine the theoretical perspective of Bowlby’s attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969, 1973, 1980, 1988). Particular emphasis will be placed on the ability of Canadian multicultural policy to fully explore the concept of the ’social product’ as the cumulative effects of the individual’s interaction with society, and look at assessment and intervention of mental health issues which may be of relevance with a Black adolescent population. Finally, I will consider what the social workers have to do to assist minority clients generally. » (p. 2)
Échantillon/Matériau : Entrevues semi-structurées avec 15 immigrants en provenance de pays africains (Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzanie et Ouganda) et vivant à Montréal.
Instruments : Guide d’entrevue
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The number of refugees in the world today is the largest it has ever been: 20 million people in all the continents have been forced out of their countries by persecution and violence and by man-made and natural disasters within their own countries. Many of these people have been escaping to western countries including Canada whose policies towards refugees is anything but welcome. Instead of merely coping with an influx of refugees when they arrive, the international community, especially the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), now argues that positive action must be taken to prevent flows developing in the first place. This study focuses on the problems that some refugees status face in new countries. It explores what happens to them in their new countries and to their children left behind. The literature is reviewed to highlight the issues of separation and re-unification as well as pertinent issues confronting black youth and integration in Canadian society. Some theories on separation from other writers are also presented to show a link between separation and harmful effects it presents for both families in both old and new places of settlement. The study concludes that the lofty ideas of multiculturalism do not seem to hold for immigrants and refugees in Canada. A final thought on implications of this issue for social work practice is presented with a view of alerting social services professionals to special needs of this clientele. » (abstract)