Family Process in Health Research: Extending a Family Typology to a New Cultural Context
Référence bibliographique 
Fisher, Lawrence, Soubhi, Hassan, Mansi, Omaima, Paradis, Gilles, Gauvin, Lise et Potvin, Louise. 1998. «Family Process in Health Research: Extending a Family Typology to a New Cultural Context ». Health Psychology, vol. 17, no 4, p. 358-366.
Intentions : « The goal of the present research was to apply a set of family prototypes, based on the California family typology (Fischer and Ransom, 1995) to a more limited family assessment framework included as part of the QHHDP. Following the idea of functional emergence, we wished to determine if the same basic family prototypes would be found in a large sample of Quebec families after revising the profile descriptors to make them culturally appropriate, and after adding variables that we thought were relevant to health promotion. » (p. 359)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Of the 1085 Quebec families (1753 adults) with a child of 9 or 10 years of age who agreed to participate, 614 were of two parents families (the original Fischer and Ransom study included only two-parents families). The overall acceptance rate was 56%. Of these, complete data were available on 509 families (1018 adults). The sample was recruited from three geographic areas of Quebec: downtown neighborhoods of Montreal, suburban neighborhoods of Montreal and remote rural areas of Quebec. Adults were included if they were biological and non-biological guardians of the child. » (p. 359)
Instruments : - Shared Roles; - Shared Decision Making; - Family Efficacy; - Family Energy; - Emotional Openness; - Organized Cohesiveness; - Optimism; - Risk Taking; - Other’s Locus of Control; - Emotional Unpredictability.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« To describe family context in health research, the authors tested a typology of families developed in California with a sample of families in Quebec, Canada. Family scales from the California study were submitted to focus groups, translated, and standardized on a sample of 209 parents. A panel of experts then revised the scales to make them relevant to Quebec families and to health promotion. Data from the new and revised scales were collected on 509 Quebec couples (1018 spouses) and were clustered separately by gender, using K means. The procedure classified all respondents into family types that paralleled the original typology. Discriminant analyses indicated that family profile variables significantly distinguished family types. Comparisons with family, stress, and health variables further differentiated among the types and expanded their meaning. The study demonstrates a method for redefining and extending family data in health research with different cultural groups. » (p. 358)