Sibling’s Perceptions of their Divorce Experience and the Qualities of the Sibling Relationship
Référence bibliographique 
Jennings, Melissa. 1998. «Sibling’s Perceptions of their Divorce Experience and the Qualities of the Sibling Relationship». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département des sciences de l’éducation.
Intentions : « The present study was conducted in order to shed some light on the complexity of sibling relations in divorced families. » (p. 28)
Questions/Hypothèses : « The following hypotheses were investigated in the present study: 1. Research has shown that siblings have different experiences and even different perceptions of each other. Although Bank and Kahn (1982) suggested that perceptions of sameness can pull siblings together, investigators have not systematically studied the relationship between sibling’s differential experiences and sibling warmth/closeness. It was therefore hypothesized that similarities in siblings’ divorce experiences would be associated with perceived sibling warmth/closeness. 2. Some studies have shown that the sibling’s relationship involving a boy, particularly an older brother, is more negative than the relationship between sisters (MacKinnon, 1989b; Hetherington, 1988). In addition, research has shown that sisters are better able to act as buffers against the effects of divorce than other sibling dyads (Wallerstein, et al., 1988). Given these findings, it was hypothesized that sisters would report more shared experiences and warmer/closer relations than the relationships involving boys. [...] Given the changes that occur in divorced families with regard to the time that parents spend with their children, it was hypothesized that mothers and fathers would have different perceptions of their children’s sibling relationship and divorce experiences. [...] Thus it was hypothesized that parents would view the sibling relationship as being warmer/closer than the siblings themselves would. In their study of siblings and divorce, Monahan et al. (1993) found that parents perceived siblings’ experiences to be more similar than the siblings perceived their experiences. Thus, in the present investigation, it was postulated that parents would report siblings’ divorce experiences to be more similar than the siblings would report. » (p. 29)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The present study included 12 divorced, English-speaking families, from the Eastern Townships in Quebec and the Montreal area. Each family in the study consisted of the custodial parent and two children. One of the children was in 5th or 6th grade and was known as the target child. The mean age of the target children was 11 years, 3 months. Six of the target children had a younger sibling (M= 8 years, 7 months), while the remaining target children had an older sibling (M= 14 years, 1 month). In the study there were five sister-sister pairs, two brother-brother pairs, three sister-younger brother pairs, and two older brother-younger sister pairs. The average age difference between the siblings was 2 years, 11 months. » (p. 30)
Instruments : - Children’s Belief About the Parental Divorce Scale (CBAPS; Kurdek and Berg, 1987); - Structured Divorce Questionnaire (Reinhard, 1977); - Divorce Interview (Kurdek, 1986); - Parent Separation Inventory (Kurdek and Berg, 1983).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« This study looks at the qualities of the sibling’s relationship in divorced families, by examining the questionnaire and interview data of children and custodial parents. The data is studied both quantitatively and qualitatively in order to obtain a richer portrait of the sibling relationship. Conclusions are drawn cautiously due to the small sample size and to other methodological considerations. However, it appears that children from divorced families report a wide range of experiences, and it seems that developmental issues have an important impact on the sibling relationship. Further research in this area should be conducted before definite conclusions are made. » (p. iii)