Children’s Health Actions Within the Context of Daily Living
Référence bibliographique 
Kalnins, Ilze, Jutras, Sylvie, Normandeau, Sylvie et Morin, Pauline. 1998. «Children’s Health Actions Within the Context of Daily Living ». American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 22, no 6, p. 460-472.
Intentions : « The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the health behaviors of young children by documenting the actions they say they take for their health in the contexts that structure their daily lives. [...] Our intent was to determine whether general themes underlie children’s health behavior that in turn could serve as focal topics for health promotion. » (p. 461)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The sample consisted of 1,674 children in the Province of Québec (boys = 828; girls = 846) age 5-6 years (n = 559), 8-9 years (n = 564), ans 11-12 years (n= 551). Children were chosen from schools located in urban and rural areas having different levels of social and economic advantage. » (p. 463)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu, analyse statistique
« Objective: To describe health actions young children say they take in contexts that structure their day including eating, dressing, keeping clean, going to sleep, schoolwork, recess, leisure time, and going place. [...] Results: Children mentioned actions related to eating (food choices, eating behaviors), engaging in physical activity, avoiding illness or injury, being clean, getting fresh air and mental health (fostering interpersonal relationships, helping others, and making oneself feel good or relaxed). Conclusion: The report of these actions by large numbers of children, and across different contexts, supports their inclusion as key topics in developmentally appropriate health promotion. » (p. 460)
Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children
Référence bibliographique 
Jutras, Sylvie, Normandeau, Sylvie et Kalnins, Ilze. 1997. «Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children ». Journal of Primary Prevention, vol. 18, no 2, p. 173-192.
Intentions : « The object of this study is to analyze the children’s perceptions of mutual help in relation to health, defined as the concrete health-related actions exchanged with parents, siblings, and school personnel. [...] More specifically, the objectives are as follows : 1. To identify the main health-related actions children exchange with each of their main socialization agents to examine if certain agents of socialization are more often associated with particular types of actions. [...] 2. To determine whether there are variations in child-initiated and child-received health-related actions according to the children’s age, gender, and living environment. 3. To examine the pattern of mutual help with regard to health in terms of symmetry of actions being exchanged between children and socialization agents. 4. To examine the pattern of mutual help with regard to health in terms of balance of actions being exchanged between children and each of the socialization agents. » (p. 175)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The sample consisted of 1,674 children (boys = 828; girls = 846) evenly distributed in three age groups: 5-6 years old, 8-9 years old ans 11-12 years old, living in a variety of socioeconomic and geographic environment in the Province of Québec. » (p. 176)
Instruments : Structured Interview
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« Children’s perception concerning healthrelated actions exchanged with parents, siblings, and school personnel were studied. Five to 12 year-olds (n=1,674) reported receiving and initiating health actions related mainly to the promotion of healthy lifestyles behaviors, but promotion of harmonious interpersonal relationships, helping behaviors, and therapeutic acts also occur. Results show that children do not see themselves solely as receiving health car and advice from others, but also as acting upon others’ health. The findings provide information about children’s perceptions bidirectional healthrelated actions between themselves and others; aspects of health cognitions and health socialization have received little attention and that are of interest form a primary prevention perspective. » (p. 173)