The Impact of Family Transition on the Development of Delinquency in Adolescent Boys: a 9-year Longitudinal Study
Référence bibliographique 
Pagani, Linda, Tremblay, Richard.E., Vitaro, Frank, Kerr, Margaret et McDuff, Pierre. 1998. «The Impact of Family Transition on the Development of Delinquency in Adolescent Boys: a 9-year Longitudinal Study ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 39, no 4, p. 489-499.
Intentions : « The present study examined the impact of parental divorce and remarriage on the development of delinquency in boys from low-income neighbourhoods of Montréal. It also examined their perceptions of family process throughout adolescence: parental supervision and punishment, and parent-child communication. » (p. 491)
Questions/Hypothèses : - « Does the developmental trajectory of delinquency and family processes throughout adolescence vary as a function of marital changes? » (p. 489) - « We expected that boys from divorced families would be at greater risk for deviant development, but that the effect size would not be large. - We also expected that divorced parents would not be less involved with their children, given the difficulties associated with postdivorce period/moderate the relationship between family transition and delinquency. - Sons of remarried parents would not be fare any better than their counterparts with divorced parents and that their family processes would show evidence of strained relationships. » (p. 491)
Échantillon/Matériau : « This study focuses on a subsample of 427 from families that were intact at kindergarten, of which 334 remains intact through to age 15. Some other boys eventually experienced family transition and comprised the remainder of the subject pool. » (p. 491)
Instruments : - Social Behaviour Questionnaire (SBQ); - Delinquency - each year from ages 11 to 15, boys completed a 27 - item questionnaire about their involvement in antisocial behaviour over the last 12 months; - Parenting practices: Boys’ perceptions of their parents’ child-rearing practices were assessed annually from ages 11 to 15; - Parent-chil communication from ages 11 to 15 --perceptions of communication with their parents.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« The purpose of this study was to examine prospectively the impact of family transition on deviant development in a sample of 427 French-Canadian boys participating in a longitudinal study from kindergarten onwards. During the course of the study some boys experienced family transition. We grouped the boys by developmental period and number of marital transitions they experienced: divorced between 6 and 11; divorced between 12 and 15. From ages 11 to 15 we assessed boys’ delinquency and their family processes (parental supervision, punishment, and communication) annually. The results suggest that boys who experienced remarriage between ages 12 and 15 are at greater risk for delinquency. In particular, they showed evidence of comparatively more theft and fighting at earlier ages than their peers from families that had remained intact. At similar points in development, they perceived less expressive parent-child relationships. Finally, these boys also perceived less monitoring by their parents, both overall and at different points in adolescence. » (p. 489)