Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality
Référence bibliographique 
Doyle, Anna-Beth, Markiewicz, Dorothy, Brendgen, Mara, Lieberman, Melissa et Voss, Kirsten. 2000. «Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality ». Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 46, no 3, p. 514-539.
Intentions : « The present study examined the multiple concurrent associations of marital adjustment and parental attachment with child attachment and adjustment via structural equation modeling. » (p. 518)
Questions/Hypothèses : « We hypothesized that parents’ attachment security, and secondarily marital quality, are uniquely associated with child attachment and self-concept, and that child attachment security, in turn, is associated with aspects of self-concept. Given previous research, we also expected that mothers’ attachment style is more strongly related to child attachment security than fathers’ attachement style. Finally, we expected that child attachment to mother and to father is related differently to child adjustment, with attachment to mother associated with a greater number of areas of the self-concept and attachment to father more important for academic self-concept. Associations between child-father attachment and general self-worth were expected to emerge in adolescence. » (p. 519)
Échantillon/Matériau : Mothers, fathers and one child (50% boys) (grades 4 to 8) from 216 families in suburban Montreal
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Children’s (n=216) attachment security and self-concept were predicted from parents’ reports of their own attachment style and marital adjustment. Structural equation modeling indicated that mothers’ anxious attachment style uniquely predicted children’s insecure attachment to both mother and father. In turn, associations of child-mother attachment with specific self-concept domains differed from those of child-father attachment with self-concept across age. For example, child-mother attachment was associated uniquely with perceived global self-worth and physical appearance for both younger (9-12 years) and older (13-14 years) children. In contrast, child-father attachment was associated uniquely with children-perceived school competence, and only for children with global self-worth. » (p. 514)
Developmental Patterns in Security of Attachement to Mother and Father in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence: Association with Peer Relations
Référence bibliographique 
Lieberman, Melissa, Doyle, Anna-Beth et Markiewicz, Dorothy. 1999. «Developmental Patterns in Security of Attachement to Mother and Father in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence: Association with Peer Relations ». Child Development, vol. 70, no 1, p. 202-213.
Intentions : « One goal of the present study was to examine developmental changes in attachment security over the transition from middle childhood to early adolescence. [...] A second goal of the study was to examine the associations of the two components of attachment security to mother and to father (i.e., parental availability and child dependency on parental help) with children’s friendships (i.e., presence of a reciprocated frienship and friendship quality) and popularity. » (p. 204)
Questions/Hypothèses : « We expected that as part of the challenge of autonomy development, reliance or dependence on parents, particularly girls’ dependency on their fathers, would decrease from childhood to early adolescence, although availabilty of the primary attachment figure would remain stable. [...] It was expected that children who report themselves to be securely attached to their parents would be involved in closer reciprocated friendships, would be more accepted by peers, and would view their friendships as providing them with greater security and companionship and less conflict. » (p. 204)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Participants included 274 elementary school students (ages 9-11) and 267 high school students (ages 12-14) recruited from three elementary and two high schools. All were public English-language schools in suburban Montreal. The sample was relatively evenly divided by sex: 258 boys and 283 girls. Participants were from two-parent families (including 17 step-families), and only one child from each family participated. » (p. 205)
Instruments : - Kerns Security Scale (KSS; Kerns et al., 1996); - List of same-sex best friends; - Friendship Qualities Scale (Bukowski et al., 1994).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statitistique
« This study examined developmental differences in 2 dimensions of attachment security (parental availability and child dependency on parents) in late childhood (N = 274) and early adolescence (N=267) and their association with peer relations. Children’s perceptions of mother’s availability and boys’ perceptions of father’s availability did not differ as a function of age. Dependency on parents, however, decreased with age. Findings highlight the importance of distinguishing between parental availability and reliance on parental help when measuring attachment developmentally. Children’s reports of positive friendship qualities and lack of conflict in their best friendships were related to attachment to both mother and father, whereas the presence of a reciprocated friendship and popularity were not. Father availability was a particularly important predictor of lower conflict with best friends. Findings indicate that the quality of parent-child attachment generalizes primarily to the quality of children’s close peer relations. » (p. 202)