Adolescent Self-Handicapping, Depressive Affect, and Maternal Parenting Styles
Référence bibliographique 
Greaven, Sonia H., Santor, Darcy A., Thompson, Richard et Zuroff, David C. 2000. «Adolescent Self-Handicapping, Depressive Affect, and Maternal Parenting Styles ». Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 29, no 6, p. 631-646.
Intentions : « The goal of the present study was to examine the extent to which parenting variables may be related to self-handicapping in adolescents, independently of depressive affect. » (p. 633)
Échantillon/Matériau : 141 adolescents (55 filles et 86 garçons)
Instruments : 1) Self-Handicapping Scale (SHS; Rhodewalt, 1990) 2) Parent Bonding Instrument (PBI; Parker et al., 1979) 3) The Parent Stress Index-Short Form (PSI; Abidin, 1990)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Most research on self-handicapping has focused on adults. Only a few studies have examined self-handicapping in adolescents or the particular characteristics of the family environment that are associated with self-handicapping. Adolescents (N = 141) and their mothers completed a series of questionnaires assessing adolescent self-handicapping, adolescent dysphoria, and parenting variables in mothers, including parenting styles (care and overprotection) and parenting stress due to situational variables, parent–child dysfunctional interactions, and behavioral characteristics of the child. Results showed (a) that self-handicapping was positively related to age in girls, but not in boys, (b) that there was a strong relation between self-handicapping and dysphoria in both boys and girls, (c) that mother-rated care negatively predicted self-handicapping in girls beyond the effects due to girls’ dysphoria, and (d) that maternal care moderated the relationship between self-handicapping and dysphoria in boys. Maternal care and depressive affect in young persons are independently related to self-handicapping behaviors in adolescents. Results are discussed in terms of implications for the hypothesized etiology of self-handicapping. » (p. 631)