The Road to Gang Membership: Characteristics of Male Gang and Nongang Members from Ages 10 to 14
Référence bibliographique 
Craig, Wendy M, Vitaro, Frank, Gagnon, Claude et Tremblay, Richard E. 2002. «The Road to Gang Membership: Characteristics of Male Gang and Nongang Members from Ages 10 to 14 ». Social-Development, vol. 11, no 1, p. 53-68.
Intentions : « The specific objectives of the present research are: to describe the frequency of gang membership during the preadolescent and early adolescent periods (at ages 11, 12, 13 and 14); to examine the stability of belonging to a gang at ages 11, 12, 13 and 14; to compare the family, behavioral, peer and school profiles of boys who belong to a gang and boys who do not belong to a gang, at ages 11, 12, 13, and 14. » (p. 56) Questions/Hypothèses : « It is expected that boys who belong to a gang will have less supervision from their parents, poorer communication in the home, and fewer rules than those who do not belong to a gang. It is predicted that teachers and parents will report more externalizing behavior problems for gang members than nongang members. Gang members will report more delinquency and alcohol use than nongang members. Another purpose of this study was to examine the peer relations of boys who belong to a gang and those who do not belong to a gang. It is expected that gang members will be more aggressive and less popular than nongang members. In addition, friends of gang members will be engaged in delinquent activities. Finally, there will be a higher frequency of gang members than nongang members who are behind in school. » (p. 56)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The subjects were originally part of a larger sample of 1,034 boys studied in kindergarten in 1984 in a longitudinal study. This study took place in a low socioeconomic area of a large metropolitan city in the province of Quebec. [...] From this original sample [...] there was gang membership information on between 640 and 1013 boys. These subjects were used in the loglinear analyses examining the stability of gang membership. From that sample, a subsample of 142 boys was selected for the present study. » (p. 56)
Instruments : - Social Behaviour Questionnaire (SBQ) (Tremblay, Vitaro, Gagné, Piché, & Royer, 1991) - Self-Reported Delinquency Questionnaire (SRDQ), Biron, Caplan, & Leblanc, 1975) - Friends Characteristics Scale (FCS) - Behaviours and Attitudes to School (BAS) - Self-Reported Parent-Child relations (SPCR) - Peer Evaluation Inventory (PEI) (Pekarik, Prinz, Liebert, Weintraub, & Neale, 1976) - Grade Level Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« This study examined the stability of belonging to a gang in early adolescence, the behavior profiles, family characteristics, and friendships of nongang and gang members. The subjects in the present study were originally part of a larger sample of boys. 142 boys who had a complete data set at ages 11, 12, 13, and 14 were selected for the present study. Loglinear analyses indicated that gang membership was stable from ages 13 to 14, but not at earlier ages. Boys were divided into 3 groups: stable gang members (children who belonged to a gang at ages 13 and 14); unstable gang members (children who belonged to a gang at either age 13 or 14) and nongang members. Repeated analyses of variance indicated that stable gang members had significantly higher scores than nongang members on teacher ratings of fighting behavior, hyperactivity, inattention and oppositional behavior, and self-reported delinquent activities (drug and alcohol use, stealing and vandalism). Peers rated gang members as more aggressive than nongang members. The results are discussed from a developmental perspective. » (p. 53)