Modeling Effects in Student Drinking and Smoking, Revisited after 24 Years
Référence bibliographique 
Standing, Lionel G. 2002. «Modeling Effects in Student Drinking and Smoking, Revisited after 24 Years ». Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 30, no 5, p. 435-442.
Intentions : « The present study examines whether these trends are accompanied by a shift in the pattern of modeling, by replicating the essential features of the survey conducted by Standing and Nicholson (1989). » (p. 435)
Échantillon/Matériau : « One hundred students at a small Canadian university were studied (62 were female, an over-representation for this population of about 7%). » (p. 435)
Instruments : Questionnaire Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« A systematic replication is reported of a campus survey carried out in 1978. The present data (N = 100) indicate increased peer modeling effects for drinking, in which a respondent’s intake of alcohol and drunkenness are both best predicted from the drinking of his/her friends. Smoking, however, today shows no correlation with the smoking of either friends or parents, unlike the previous survey. Alcohol consumption, measured as drinks per week, has remained constant over 24 years for female students, but has doubled for males, reaching four times the female level. The frequency of drinking ’to excess’ also increased greatly over this interval. Smoking has decreased to minimal levels, and now shows no sign of modeling effects, but self-serving bias now occurs, since respondents today report themselves as smoking fewer cigarettes than their friends. » (p. 435)