Perceived Parental Favoritism and Suicidal Ideation in Hong Kong Adolescents
Référence bibliographique 
de Man, Anton F., Wong, Iris N. et Leung, Patrick W. L. 2003. «Perceived Parental Favoritism and Suicidal Ideation in Hong Kong Adolescents ». Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 31, no 3, p. 245-251.
Intentions : « The present study focused on the relationship between perceived parental favoritism in terms of affection and control, and suicidal ideation in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. » (p. 245) Questions/Hypothèses : « The first hypothesis was that if being the favored child leads to a successful development (Adler, 1932; Freud. 1970) whereas being the nonfavored child leads to negative outcomes, then there should be a linear relationship between favoritism and suicidal ideation, with nonfavored adolescents reporting greater suicidal thinking. The second (alternative) hypothesis was that if both favored and nonfavored adolescents have characteristics that make them vulnerable to suicidal thinking (Aldous et al., 1985; Banks, 1987; Harris & Howard, 1985; Neale, 1986; Ross et al., 1980; Ross & Milgram, 1982; Zervas & Sherman, 1994), then the association between favoritism and suicidal ideation should be curvilinear, with respondents who view themselves as either favored or nonfavored children reporting greater suicidal ideation than do those who perceive no parental favoritism. The third hypothesis speculated that maternal affective favoritism would be the best predictor of suicidal ideation. This speculation was based on findings which suggest that mothers generally are the major source of affectional endorsement (Harris & Howard, 1985); that children in Chinese families tend to view their mothers as more warm and affectionate (Shek, 1995); and that Chinese mothers in Hong Kong are more involved than are fathers in the everyday activities of their children (Yau & Smetana, 1996). » (pp. 245-246)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Respondents were 317 Chinese adolescents (153 boys and 164 girls) attending a government subsidized coeducational secondary school in Hong Kong. They ranged in age from 13 to 17 yrs [sic], with a mean age of 14,1 (SD = 0,92). » (p. 246)
Instruments : - Sibling Inventory of Differential Experience (SIDE; Daniels & Plomin, 1984); - Scale for Suicide Ideation (De Man & Leduc, 1994). Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Chinese adolescents from Hong Kong (N = 317) participated in a study of the relationship between perceived parental favoritism in terms of affection and control, and suicidal ideation. Correlation analyses showed that adolescents who believed that children in their families were treated differently in terms of affection and control by their mothers and fathers reported greater suicidal ideation; whether they personally were the favored or nonfavored children made no difference. Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified perceived differential maternal affection as the best predictor of suicidal ideation. » (p. 245)
Perceived Parental Child Rearing and Suicidal Ideation in Chinese Adolescents
Référence bibliographique 
Wong, Iris N., de Man, Anton F. et Leung, Patrick W. L. 2002. «Perceived Parental Child Rearing and Suicidal Ideation in Chinese Adolescents ». Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 30, no 1, p. 19-24.
Intentions : « Because of these differences in cultural beliefs, socialization, and child-rearing practices, the findings regarding the relationship between parental child-rearing and suicidal ideation may not necessarily be applicable to non Western societies. With this in mind, the present study evaluated the relationship between maternal and paternal child-rearing attitudes and the presence of suicidal ideation in Chinese (Hong Kong) adolescents. » (p. 21)
Échantillon/Matériau : 365 adolescents chinois (178 garçons et 187 filles)
Instruments : - Warmth/Affection subscale of the child version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ; Rohner, 1986); - Adolescent subscale of the Autonomy-Control Scale (de Man, 1987, 1988); - Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI; de Man & Leduc, 1994). Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Three hundred & sixty-five Chinese adolescent boys & girls participated in a study of the relationship between perceived maternal & paternal warmth & control in child rearing, & suicidal ideation. Results of correlation & stepwise multiple regression analyses of data generated by the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, the Autonomy-Control Scale, & the Scale for Suicide Ideation showed that Chinese adolescents who experienced their mothers as less warm & affectionate tended to suffer from greater suicidal ideation, with girls generally reporting higher levels of ideation than boys. » (p. 19)