Narratives of Home and Away: Rural Youth Migration from the Gaspe Peninsula (Quebec)
Référence bibliographique 
Element, Richard L. 2003. «Narratives of Home and Away: Rural Youth Migration from the Gaspe Peninsula (Quebec)». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de sociologie et d’anthropologie.
Intentions : « This thesis seeks to explore what it means for young people to grow up in a community that is in the midst of such social and economic upheaval. It is the result of a case study of youth, and the experience of cultural negotiation and the decision making, within the contexte of the Gaspe Peninsula. Through the use of youth narrative, I discuss how Gaspesian Youth experience and construct their reality and which factors influence their decisions to stay or to leave. [...] In developping this paper I attempt to cover five main objectives. First, I want to elaborate on the subject of rural youth migration from the point of view of youth. [...] Second, migration studies have tended to focus on international migratory trends and populations -- conversely, I wanted to show how these trends exist with similar patterns within the national picture as well. Third, most migratory studies focus on statistical analysis. [...] I wanted to construct a micro level analysis of a migrating population, in an effort to compliment the statistical data by gaining more insight and detail into the decision making process of youth, and the experience of migration. Fourth, I wanted to add to the ongoing discussion of rural development by presenting a dialogue of youth perspectives on developement in the Gaspe. [...] Finally, I wanted to create a document that would serve as a ressource that could be used by Gaspesians to generate ideas with regard to establishing a confident and comfortable youth culture on the Peninsula. » (pp. 10-11)
Échantillon/Matériau : - Entre 14 et 18 étudiants en sciences humaines du Cégep de Gaspé ont participé à 4 entrevues différentes étalées sur deux ans (N = 18, 18, 14 et 14) - 84 étudiants de deux polyvalentes (Gaspé et Bonaventure)
Instruments : - Guide d’entrevue semi-dirigée pour les étudiants du cégep - Questionnaire élaboré pour la recherche pour les étudiants des polyvalentes Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The communities of the Gaspe Peninsula are in the midst of social and economic restructuring. This has led to the establishment of a culture of migration, most notably within the youth population of the region. This trend stems from a combination of factors such as a lack of jobs and services in the Gaspe, social demands for professionnal training and higher education, parental expectations for their children, community norms, migration networks, rural stigmas, the influence of media and popular culture and the allure of the city. These trends have resulted in a population imbalance, a loss of human capital and lagging socioeconomic conditions in the region. This thesis is the result of a case study of Anglophone Gaspesian youths and the social construction of rural to urban migration. It explores how youths construct their view of ’the rural’ and ’the urban’ and how they use these views to form migration decisions. It discusses the to [sic] influence of deep-rooted migration networks as links and facilitators in rural to urban migration streams. Finally, it demonstrates how youths are active interpreters, critics and agents, and how their experience, knowledge, and opinions can offer valuable insights into discussions of rural development. » (p. iii)