Childhood Abuse and Dissociative Symptoms in Adult Schizophrenia
Référence bibliographique 
Holowka, Darren W., King, Suzanne, Saheb, Dominique, Pukall, Monica et Brunet, Alain. 2003. «Childhood Abuse and Dissociative Symptoms in Adult Schizophrenia ». Schizophrenia Research, vol. 60, no 1, p. 87-90.
Intentions : « The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between self-reported childhood abuse and/or neglect and dissociative symptomatology in adult schizophrenia patients, taking into account a wider range of traumatic experiences than had been previously assessed. » (p. 88)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Subjects were 26 schizophrenia outpatients from psychiatric clinics in Montreal, Canada, between the ages of 19 and 48 (mean age: 30.8 years, S.D. = 8.1). » (p. 88)
Instruments : - The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES; Bernstein and Putnam, 1986); - The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein and Fink, 1998). Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Dissociative symptoms, occurring in many psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, are often preceded by traumatic experience.We hypothesized that various types of childhood trauma would correlate with levels of dissociative symptomatology in adult patients. Twenty-six patients completed the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Dissociation was significantly correlated with emotional abuse (r = 0.84, one-tailed p < 0.001), and physical abuse (r = 0.55, p < 0.01). We suggest that emotional abuse may play an important role in the etiology of dissociation in schizophrenia. » (p. 87)