Validating the Content of A Brief Informational Intervention to Empower Patients and Spouses Facing Breast Cancer: Perspectives of Both Couple Members
Référence bibliographique 
Blais, Marie-Claude, Maunsell, Elizabeth, Grenier, Sophie, Lauzier, Sophie, Dorval, Michel, Pelletier, Sylvie, Guay, Stéphane, Robidoux, André et Provencher, Louise. 2014. «Validating the Content of A Brief Informational Intervention to Empower Patients and Spouses Facing Breast Cancer: Perspectives of Both Couple Members ». Journal of Cancer Survivorship, vol. 8, no 3, p. 508-520.
Intentions : «In this paper, we report on the key informational components of this novel, brief, population intervention developed with the aim of empowering each of the couple members facing breast cancer, based on existing written information resources. Our two objectives were (a) to identify and describe key information, framed as ‘messages’ to be the basic content of the proposed informational intervention, and (b) to validate the relevance and acceptability of these messages from the perspective of women diagnosed with early breast cancer and of their spouses.» (p. 509)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’échantillon est composé de femmes (35) ayant reçu un diagnostic de cancer du sein et de leurs époux (35). Tous et toutes habitaient les villes de Montréal et Québec au moment de l’étude.
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«[P]articipants endorsed the idea of being guided and helped in their adjustment to breast cancer, and their assessments of the messages most useful to them were similar. Participants also identified areas for improvement in terms of the wording of certain messages judged too simplistic and the message format which provoked some irritation. The content of these messages could provide a solid basis for a novel, low-cost, population-based informational intervention for women and spouses facing breast cancer. […] Our findings also point to the potential clinical relevance of certain messages. First, the apparent reluctance of some spouses in reaction to the message about sharing their own thoughts, feelings and needs with their partner is a phenomenon that is often encountered in the clinical setting. This may constitute ‘protective buffering’, where the spouse hides worries or denies concerns in an effort to reduce his partner’s upset and burden and avoid disagreement. […] Secondly, the strong reaction of a number of participants to the message suggesting that sexuality might be affected by the illness—which they considered much too weak—confirms what is recognized clinically; namely, that sexuality is rarely discussed in the regular treatment setting even though it is a well-documented need of couples.» (p. 516-517)
Communication: A Key Component to Meeting the Challenges of Stepfamilies
Référence bibliographique 
Beaudry, Madeleine, Boisvert, Jean-Marie, Simard, Marie, Parent, Claudine et Blais, Marie-Claude. 2004. «Communication: A Key Component to Meeting the Challenges of Stepfamilies ». Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, vol. 42, no 1-2, p. 85-104.
Intentions : « The goal of this study is to verify whether the specific challenges faced by stepfamilies are as significant as communication difficulties in predicting marital satisfaction. » (p. 85)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The sample is composed of 26 volunteer couples recruited from the general Quebec City area and Montreal. To participate in the study, the couples had to be living in stepfamilies and have at least one child from a previous union living with them under the same roof for a minimum of one weekend per month. » (p. 90)
Instruments : - General Information Questionnaire; - Questionnaire for Stepfamily Spouses (QSS) (Beaudry, Parent, Saint-Jacques, Guay, & Boisvert, 2001); - The Marital Adjustement Test (MAT) (Locke & Wallace, 1959; translated by Wright & Sabourin, 1985); - Marital Interaction Coding System (MICS) (Floyd & Markman, 1984). (p. 91)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« In theory, good couple communication is associated with experiencing less serious problems and a high level of marital satisfaction. However, is this assertion true in the context of stepfamilies? Indeed, couples in stepfamilies often experience, from the outset, certain difficulties that may be due not to their communication skills, but rather to events originating from outside marital dynamics such as the presence of children and former spouses. [...] The results reveal that spouses’ communication skills play a major and significant role in predicting marital satisfaction for both men and women. » (p. 85)