Nurturing Cognitive Competence in Preschoolers: A Longitudinal Study of Intergenerational Continuity and Risk
Référence bibliographique 
Saltaris, Christina, Serbin, Lisa A., Stack, Dale M., Karp, Jennifer A., Schwartzman, Alex E. et Ledingham, Jane E. 2004. «Nurturing Cognitive Competence in Preschoolers: A Longitudinal Study of Intergenerational Continuity and Risk ». International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 28, no 2, p. 105-115.
Intentions : «The current investigation was designed to examine the provision of cognitive stimulation to preschool-aged children from high-risk families.» (p. 105)
Échantillon/Matériau : 80 familles
Instruments : - Parenting Stress Index (Adibin,1990); - The preschool version of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME; Caldwell & Bradley, 1984); - Maternal Teaching Observation System (MTOS; Saltaris & Samaha, 1998); - French translation of the Standford-Binet Intelligence Scale (SB-IV; Thorndike, Hagan, & Sattler, 1986).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Participants were drawn from the Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project, a prospective, longitudinal investigation of individuals recruited in 1976–77 from lower SES neighbourhoods who were rated by childhood peers on standardised scales of aggression and social withdrawal. Based on a subsample of women followed from childhood to motherhood (N = 51), we found that childhood behaviour patterns, particularly a history of aggression, negatively predicted cognitive stimulation to preschool-aged offspring, in the context of (1) scaffolding during a tructured teaching task, and (2) the quality of the home environment provided for children. In the second part of the study, concurrent analyses focusing on children’s cognitive competence (N = 80) revealed that parental stimulation predicts the intellectual functioning of preschool-aged offspring within a community-based, high-risk sample. Taken together, the current findings provide evidence for the existence of a pathway of intergenerational transfer of risk operating through cognitive stimulation.» (p. 105)