Being the Caregiver of a Person with a Mental Health Problem
Référence bibliographique 
Lemoine, Odette, Lavoie, Sylvie, Poulin, Carole, Poirier, Leo-Roch et Fournier, Louise. 2005. «Being the Caregiver of a Person with a Mental Health Problem ». Revue canadienne de santé mentale communautaire / Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, vol. 24, no 2, p. 127-143.
Intentions : « The goal of this article is to describe [...] caregiving experiences and to identify their predictors. » (p. 127)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The present study is based on data derived from a large-scale health survey conducted in Montreal in 1999. [...] A two-phase sample design was used (Fournier, Lemoine, Poulin, Poirier, & Chevalier, 2001). First, a telephone survey was carried out with a probability sample of 4,704 respondents aged 18 years and over living in private households. Second, a total of 780 persons, or 17 % of the study population, were identified during telephone interviews as caregivers who met study criteria (having offered any kind of non-professional assistance to someone close to him of her at least one every 2 weeks during the last month), and were asked to complete a self-administered mail survey. » (pp. 129-130) « In all, 405 informal caregivers returned a properly completed questionnaire, for a response rate of 51,9%. The caregiver component of the survey used a population approach, which can reach all individuals (whether they are primary or secondary caregivers) providing assistance to a friend or family member suffering from a mental health problem (Lavoie et al., 2002). » (p. 130)
Instruments : « - Questions developed based on the classification by Guberman, Maheu, & Maillé (1993): types of assistance provided during the last 4 weeks; 19 items; - Caregiving experience scale, adapted from Szmukler et al. (1996): 66 items, 5 levels of response, 10 subscales (8 negative and 2 positive); - From Wisconsin Quality of Life, Family Questionnaire by Becker, Diagmond, & Sainfort (1994); - Canadian Study of Health and Aging Working Group (1994), modified: services received and perception of adequacy of services. » (p. 131)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Providing care to a friend or relative suffering from a mental health problem can affect the physical and mental health of the caregiver. In the Montreal Mental Health Survey, 405 caregivers of people suffering from such problems took part in a mail survey about their experiences. [...] Results show that seriousness of the care recipient’s problem is a predictor of a negative caregiving appraisal, but much less so of a positive one. The caregiving context is decisive in relation to both the positive and negative aspects of the experience. A strong correlation is observed between the positive and negative aspects of the scale, indicating that the caregiving experience is not one-dimensional. On the contrary, it can be simultaneously burdensome and satisfying. » (p. 127)