Intentions : «This study has two objectives: (a) to examine whether positive social control from peers adds significantly to the variance in men’s HPBs [health-promoting behaviors], over and above the variance explained by sociodemographic variables and variables previously highlighted as significant (namely, health self-efficacy, restrictive emotionality norm, home neighborhood, and spousal positive social control); and (b) to qualitatively compare peer influence narratives in men reporting higher or lower than average adoption of HPBs.» (p. 1571)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’étude se base sur 669 hommes provenant du Québec, dont 31 ont été rencontrés pour une entrevue. They were selected from a «random sample of 3,234 men aged 18 years [old] and over from a list of members of partner trade unions active in construction, metallurgy, retail, and police services.» (p. 1571)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Overall the quantitative results suggest that peer influence is associated with a range of HPBs, while the qualitative results suggest several ways through which this influence may operate.» (p. 1576) «The results indicated that health self-efficacy and home neighborhood were positively associated with all six HPBs, while spousal positive social control was positively associated with health responsibility, nutrition, interpersonal relations, and spiritual growth. Adhesion to the restrictive emotionality norm was negatively associated with health responsibility and interpersonal relations. Results from hierarchical multiple regression analyses […] revealed that peer positive social control explained a significant portion of variance for each of the six HPBs and was significantly and positively associated with it, even when controlling for sociodemographic variables, self-efficacy, restrictive emotionality, home neighborhood, and spousal positive social control.» (p. 1574) In addition to family, «[f]riends and coworkers could play a significant role in promoting health behaviors among adult men. Social networks are subcultures that create their own norms. Through encouragement, practical support, and being good role models themselves, men could help their peers take care of their health. The more men adopt healthy lifestyles, the more their healthy behaviors will be considered normal and will propagate themselves through emulation.» (p. 1577)
Comparison of the Effects of Four Suicide Prevention Programs for Family and Friends of High-Risk Suicidal Men who do not Seek Help Themselves
Référence bibliographique 
Mishara, Brian L., Houle, Janie et Lavoie, Brigitte. 2005. «Comparison of the Effects of Four Suicide Prevention Programs for Family and Friends of High-Risk Suicidal Men who do not Seek Help Themselves ». Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, vol. 35, no 3, p. 329-342.
Intentions : « [W]e explore means of indirectly helping [high risk suicidal men] who do not seek help by providing services to family and friends who do seek help for them by contacting suicide prevention resources. » (p. 330)
Échantillon/Matériau : 131 proches d’un homme suicidaire : « Participants were family and friends who called Suicide Action Montreal concerning a suicidal man who met the following criteria: (1) was between age 18 and 69 and either; (2) had already attempted suicide at least one; or (3) could be diagnosed as suffering from a major depression, a drug abuse problem, or alcoholism based on DSM-IV criteria, as assessed in diagnostic interview questions asked to the third party caller. » (p. 332)
Instruments : - « [T]he Ways of Coping Questionnaire developped by Lazarus and Folkman (1984) » (p. 334); - Questions du Quebec Health Survey (Institut de la statistique du Québec, 2003) concernant les relations sociales (p. 334); - Questionnaire développé spécialement pour l’étude et comportant des questions au sujet de la communication avec l’homme suicidaire (p. 334); - « The scale used to assess psychological distress in the Quebec Health Survey in 1998 (Institut de la Statistique, 2003) [...] » (p. 335); - Questionnaires portant sur l’utilisation des ressources, les relations sociales, les comportements suicidaires, la communication avec la famille et les amis, la satisfaction et l’utilité des services octroyés (p. 335); - « Five questions used in the Quebec Health Survey in 1998 (Institut de la Statistique, 2003) were used to evaluate the frequency and amount of alcohol consumption during the last month. » (p. 335).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Callers to a suicide prevention center concerned about high risk men were randomly invited to participate in one of four programs: Information Session, Information Session with Telephone Follow-up, Rapid Referral to mental health and abuse programs, or Telephone Support. Comparison of pre-test, 2 month post-test and 6 months follow-up with 131 participants found that after third party participation, the third party participant reported that the suicidal men had significantly less suicidal ideation, fewer suicide attempts, and less depressive symptoms. Family and friends had less psychological distress, used more positive coping mechanisms, and reported their communication with the suicidal man was more helpful. The Telephone Support was considered the most useful program. » (p. 329)