Familial Resemblance in Eating Behaviors in Men and Women from the Quebec Family Study
Référence bibliographique 
Provencher, Véronique, Pérusse, Louis, Bouchard, Luigi, Drapeau, Vicky, Bouchard, Claude, Rice, Treva, Rao, D. C., Tremblay, Angelo, Després, Jean-Pierre et Lemieux, Simone. 2005. «Familial Resemblance in Eating Behaviors in Men and Women from the Quebec Family Study ». Obesity Research, vol. 13, no 9, p. 1624-1629.
Intentions : « It is commonly recognized that genetic, environmental, behavioral, and social factors are involved in the development of obesity. The family environment may play a key role in shaping children’s eating behaviors. The purpose of this study was to estimate the degree of familial resemblance in eating behavioral traits (cognitive dietary restraint, disinhibition, and susceptibility to hunger). » (p. 1624)
Échantillon/Matériau : « 282 men and 402 women (202 families) from the Quebec Family Study. » (p. 1624)
Instruments : « Eating behavioral traits were assessed with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire [...] » (p. 1624)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« The pattern of familial correlation showed significant spouse correlation for the three eating behavior phenotypes, as well as significant parent-offspring and sibling correlations for disinhibition and susceptibility to hunger. According to the most parsimonious model, generalized heritability estimates (including genetic and shared familial environmental effects) reached 6%, 18%, and 28% for cognitive dietary restraint, disinhibition, and susceptibility to hunger, respectively. [...] These results suggest that there is a significant familial component to eating behavioral traits but that the additive genetic component appears to be small, with generalized heritability estimates ranging from 6% to 28%. Thus, non-familial environmental factors and gene-gene and gene-environmental interactions seem to be the major determinants of the eating/behavioral traits. » (p. 1624)