Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children
Référence bibliographique 
Dubois, Lise, Farmer, Anna, Girard, Manon, Burnier, Daniel et Porcherie, Marion. 2011. «Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children ». Public Health Nutrition, vol. 14, no 6, p. 1096-1104.
Intentions : The aim of the present paper is «[t]o examine: (i) children’s food intake and adherence to both Canada’s Food Guide for Healthy Eating and Dietary Reference Intakes; and (ii) the social and demographic factors related to children’s food intake.» (p. 1096)
Échantillon/Matériau : The sample is composed «[...] of 1549 children aged 4 years who participated in a nutritional sub-study.» (p. 1096)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«As only a few studies have examined dietary adequacy in pre-school children, and even fewer have investigated the socio-economic determinants of healthy eating for this age group, the present study contributes to an area that is not well understood.» (p. 1097) The results of this article show that «[t]he mean daily total energy intake was 6360 kJ (1520 kcal) for girls and 6916 kJ (1653 kcal) for boys. For boys and girls alike, energy intake was comprised of approximately 54 % carbohydrates, 31 % fats and 15 % proteins. The mean number of servings consumed from each of the four essential food groups closely approached the dietary recommendations made by Canada’s Food Guide for Healthy Eating; however, <2 % of the children in the present study actually met the full dietary guidelines. The dietary intake of pre-school children was associated with socio-economic and demographic factors, most notably mother’s level of education, mother’s immigrant status and sex of the child. [...] Diet-related disparities associated with socio-economic and demographic factors exist from as early as 4 years of age.» (p. 1096)
Family Food Insufficiency Is Related to Overweight among Preschoolers’
Référence bibliographique 
Dubois, Lise, Farmer, Anna, Girard, Manon et Porcherie, Marion. 2006. «Family Food Insufficiency Is Related to Overweight among Preschoolers’ ». Social Science and Medecine, vol. 63, no 6, p. 1503-1516.
Intentions : « The main objective of the study is to analyze the role of familial and social factors on children’s health and on their cognitive and behavioural development. » (p. 1505)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The study follows a representative sample (n=2103) of children born in 1998 in the Canadian province of Québec […]. » (p. 1505)
Instruments : -Self-Administered Questionnaire for Mothers
Types de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Our results suggest that children living in households experiencing food insufficiency were more likely at some time to be overweight compared to children from food sufficient families. Although, there is a link between income insufficiency and obesity, we were able to show an association between food insufficiency at the family level and increased likelihood of overweight/obesity among preschool children. We were able to show this relationship over and above the effects of living in insufficient-income families. Food insufficiency experienced in early childhood is related to overweight at 4.5 years. Moreover, the highest risk for overweight at 4.5 years is among low-birth-weight children who experience food insufficiency in their preschool years. Given this important finding, supportive interventions targeting low-income and food insufficient families, including pregnant women, are recommended for preventing overweight and obesity among their children. » (p. 1513)