Maternal Employment, Nonparental Care, Mother-Child Interactions, and Child Outcomes During Preschool Years
Référence bibliographique 
Nomaguchi, Kei M. 2006. «Maternal Employment, Nonparental Care, Mother-Child Interactions, and Child Outcomes During Preschool Years ». Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 68, no 5, p. 1341-1369.
Intentions : « This study examines the relationships between maternal employment, nonparental care, mother-child interactions, and preschoolers’ outcomes. » (p. 1341)
Questions/Hypothèses : « In this article, I hypothesized that preschool children would benefit from maternal employment in part because of greater economic security; yet, the benefits might be offset by the use of certain types of nonparental care and fewer interactions with their mothers. This combination of costs and benefits might be especially true for children with full-time, year-round employed mothers who have greater earning power but are less available. I predicted that when the use of nonparental care, time spent in early education, and the frequency of mother’s positive engagement were controlled, maternal employment, especially full-time, year-round employment, would be related to better socioemotional adjustments and cognitive development among preschool children. » (p. 1342)
Échantillon/Matériau : « Data from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (N = 1,248) [...] » (p. 1341) N.B. L’auteur a recours à des données pour la province du Québec, également.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« [The results] show that maternal employment during the previous year, especially full-time employment, was related to care by nonrelatives, longer hours in school settings, fewer positive mother-child interactions, and less reading with parents at ages 2 and 4. Controlling for these mediators, maternal employment was related to children’s lower hyperactivity, more prosocial behavior, and less anxiety at age 4, although little relationship was found at age 2. The results indicate that preschoolers may benefit from maternal employment, but benefits may be offset by long hours of nonparental care and fewer positive mother-child interactions. » (p. 1341)