Couple Violence and the Development of Emotional Difficulties in Offspring over Time: Results from a High Risk Sample
Référence bibliographique 
Goldberg, Erin. 2007. «Couple Violence and the Development of Emotional Difficulties in Offspring over Time: Results from a High Risk Sample». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.
Intentions : «The purpose of the current study is to illustrate the longitudinal and intergenerational relationship between couple violence and childhood depression and internalizing problems in offspring within a high risk sample of families in Canada.» (p. 1)
Questions/Hypothèses : «The first hypothesis was that childhood aggression would be related to later couple violence. Second, it was hypothesized that couple violence in one generation would be related to the development of depression in offspring, and child depression in the next generation. Third, it was hypothesized that a measure of childhood depression would be associated with a measure of child internalizing problems. The fourth hypothesis stated that mother-reported child internalizing problems would be stable over the course of time. Fifth, it was hypothesized that there would be an association would persist over time. The sixth and final hypothesis for this study held that the relations between couple violence and childhood depression and internalizing problems would remain statistically after controlling for the effects of maternal depression and family income.» (p. 11)
Échantillon/Matériau : The participants in this study were 94 individuals (G2) as well as 94 of their children (G3) from the Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project (Schwartzman et al., 1985) sample.
Instruments : - the Conflict Tactics Scale (Strauss, 1979) - the Symptom Check-list-90-Revised (SCL-90-R;Derogatis, 1983) - the Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1981) - the Child Behavior Check-list (CBCL; Achenbach, 1991a)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Couple violence is one important aspect of family dysfunction that has been repeatedly identified in the intergenerational transfer of risk for mental health and behavioral problems. The present study examined the associations between parent’s history of childhood aggression, subsequent couple violence in adulthood, and offspring’s childhood depression and internalizing problems, using a prospective design across a 30-year period. [...] Results indicated that childhood aggression in one generation might be indirectly linked to self-reported childhood depression in the next generation through couple violence. In addition, hierarchical linear modeling revealed that mother-reported child internalizing problems were stable over time, and that children whose mothers were themselves depressed and in a violent partnership were reported to experience more internalizing problems at all time points than other children.» (p. iii)