An Overview of the Child Welfare Systems in Canada
Référence bibliographique 
Gough, Pamela, Shlonsky, Aron et Dudding, Peter. 2009. «An Overview of the Child Welfare Systems in Canada ». International Journal of Child Health and Human Development, vol. 2, no 3, p. 357-372.
Intentions : Les auteurs défissent l’expression « child welfare » et analysent les différentes politiques en matière d’enfance dans les provinces du Canada, dont le Québec.
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Réflexion critique
« Canada is physically the second-largest country in the world. It has a relatively small population of approximately 33 million people, of which 7 million are children and youth under the age of 18 years. Under Canada’s federal structures, the ten provinces and three territories are responsible for providing health, education, and social services, including child welfare. The child welfare systems across the country are reasonably well developed and share common features including mandatory reporting, a respect for the primary role of the family in raising children, a paramount objective of protecting children from harm, and a focus on the best interests of the child being taken into consideration when decisions need to be made regarding child safety. While there are many differences in policies and practice from on part of the country to another, Canadian child protection systems, as they are currently structured, are funded to respond to reports of child maltreatment, or risk of maltreatment, but are generally not well funded to take action in areas of social service that would prevent maltreatment from happening in the first place. Aboriginal children and youth, although a relatively minor percentage of the overall child population, are vastly overrepresented in the child welfare system, with current estimates of the chances of a First Nations child being in child welfare care being approximately one in ten, compared with one in 200 for non-First Nations children in Canada. Despite Canada’s affluence as a nation, many families with children continue to live in poverty. » (p. 357)