Burton, Peter et Phipps, Shelley. 2010. Families, Time and Well-Being in Canada. Luxembourg Income Study Working Paper Series, No. 537.
Intentions : « The main purpose of this paper is to document changes in the availability of time and money in Canadian two-parent families between 1971 and 2006 as mothers have dramatically increased their participation in paid work. » (p. 3)
Échantillon/Matériau : « In order to span the longest period of time possible, we have combined two sources of cross-sectional data: the Survey of Consumer Finance for 1971, 1975, 1987 and 1991 as available from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS); and the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) as available in the Atlantic Research Data Centre for 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006. » (p. 5) Ces enquêtes présentent un échantillon représentatif pour les dix provinces canadiennes.
Instruments : Sondage
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« While long hours of paid work were mostly characteristic of higher-income families during the 1970‟s, by 2006 over half of families supplying more than 80 paid hours are from the bottom half of the income distribution. Between 1994 and 2006, the largest increases in paid hours have occurred in middle and lower-middle income families; these families have not experienced similarly large increases in real income. Canadian time use data from 1992 and 2006 confirm larger increases in parental time stress for low-income than for high-income families. Since, controlling income, high paid work hours are negatively correlated with life satisfaction, our results suggest that inequality of well-being may have increased even more than inequality of income over recent decades. While some policy attention has been directed at supporting incomes of modest income families with children, we identify a policy gap in alleviating time pressures for these families, after the first year. » (p. 2)