Impulsivity and Socio-Economic Status Interact to Increase the Risk of Gambling Onset Among Youth

Impulsivity and Socio-Economic Status Interact to Increase the Risk of Gambling Onset Among Youth

Impulsivity and Socio-Economic Status Interact to Increase the Risk of Gambling Onset Among Youth

Impulsivity and Socio-Economic Status Interact to Increase the Risk of Gambling Onset Among Youths

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Référence bibliographique [985]

Addiction, vol. 105, no 12, p. 2176-2183.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« Our objective was to describe the relationships between impulsivity, SES [socio-economic status] and gambling onset behaviour in a cohort of young people, and more specifically to determine whether impulsivity and SES interact to influence the onset of gambling behaviour. » (p. 2177)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« We hypothesized that impulsivity may be associated more strongly with gambling onset among low SES youth (i.e. youth with less educated parents; youth living in deprived areas), and that socio-economic disadvantage may be associated more strongly with gambling among persons with higher levels of impulsivity. » (p. 2177)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Data were available in the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study, a longitudinal cohort investigation of 1293 grade 7 students aged 12.6 [...] years on average at cohort inception, recruited in 10 secondary schools in or near Montréal, Canada. Baseline data were collected from all participants in autumn 1999 in self-report questionnaires. » (p. 2177)

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« In this analysis of factors influencing gambling onset in a cohort of youth, interactions were observed between each of impulsivity and parental education, and impulsivity and area material deprivation. Self-reported impulsivity was associated with retrospective self-report of gambling onset among disadvantaged but not advantaged youth. Further, both low parent education and high area material deprivation were associated with gambling onset among impulsive youth only. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate synergy between self-reported impulsivity and socio-economic conditions of life as determinants of gambling onset in youth. These data suggest that impulsivity may be associated with gambling behaviours principally when the socio-economic conditions of life are unfavourable, and that impulsivity traits may not be important determinants of gambling in socio-economically advantaged youth. Furthermore, low parental education and high area material deprivation appear to be stronger risk factors for gambling onset among youth with a propensity towards high self-reported impulsivity. » (p. 2180)