Suicide Attemps among Inuit Youth: A Community Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors

Suicide Attemps among Inuit Youth: A Community Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors

Suicide Attemps among Inuit Youth: A Community Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors

Suicide Attemps among Inuit Youth: A Community Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factorss

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Référence bibliographique [7639]

Kirmayer, Laurence J., Malus, Michael et Boothroyd, Lucy J. 1996. «Suicide Attemps among Inuit Youth: A Community Survey of Prevalence and Risk Factors ». Acta Psychiatria Scandinavia, vol. 94, no 1, p. 8-17.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« This study aimed to identify factors that contribute to this high incidence of attempted suicide, and to provide information to serve as a guide for preventive measures. » (p. 9)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The study subjects were 99 Inuit adolescents and young adults, between the ages of 14 and 25 years at the time of interview, who were residing in a village in the Artic of Quebec. » (p. 9)

Instruments :
- Adaptation of the Adolescent Health Survey undertaken in 1988 by the Indian Public Health Service in the United States;
- Self-perceived health was assessed with the question: What is your state of health? with four possible response categories;
- An index of crowded housing was constructed by dividing the number of people living in the respondent’s dwelling by the number of bedrooms;
- Suicidal ideation and attempts were assessed with the following questions: have you ever thought of committing suicide? and have you ever tried to commit suicide?;
- Alienation: The scale used to measure alienation from family and community was adapted from the 9-item scale of Grossman et al.;
- Substance use index;
- DSM-IV.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The prevalence of and risk factors for attempted suicide and suicidal ideation were examined with a survey of 99 Inuit, aged 14-25 years, residing in a community in Northern Quebec. A total of 34% of survey respondents reported a previous suicide attempt, and 20% had attempted suicide more than once. A suicide attempt had resulted in injury in about 11% of those surveyed. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was also very high: 43% of subjects reported past thoughts of suicide, and 26% had had suicidal thoughts during the month before the survey. Risk factors for suicide attempts included male gender, having a friend who had attempted or committed suicide, a history of being physically abused, a history of solvent abuse, and having a parent with an alcohol or drug problem. Protective factors included a family history of having received treatment for a psychiatric problem, more frequent church attendance, and a high level of academic achievement. While individuals in the community who are at risk for suicide can be targeted for preventive measures, the high prevalence and effect of family problems on likelihood of suicide attempts indicate the need for family - and - community-based approaches. » (p. 8)