Référence bibliographique 
Turgeon, Lyse, O’Connor, Kieron P., Marchand, André et Freeston, Mark H. 2002. «Recollections of parent-child relationships in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder with agoraphobia ». Acta Psychiatria Scandinavia, vol. 105, no 4, p. 310-316.
« The objective of the present study was to examine whether there are differences in recall parental styles of rearing practices between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) out-patients, and healthy controls. » (p. 311)
Two hundred and one people took part in the study : 43 patients with a principal diagnosis of OCD (27 females and 16 males), 38 patients with a principal diagnosis of PDA (32 females and 6 males), and 120 healty controls (78 females and 42 males).
- Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule-Revised (ADIS-R) (Dinardo & Barlow, 1988) translated in French by Boivin & Marchand (1996);
- The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) by Goodman, Price & Rasmussen (1989) translated in French by Mollard, Cottraux & Bouvard (1989);
- Global Assessement of Severity Scale by Mavissakalian, Michelson, Greenwald, Kornblith & Greenwald (1983) translated in French Lavallée and Lebeau (1992);
- Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) by Parker, Turpling & Brown (1979) translated in French by Turgeon & Brousseau (1997);
- Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran (EMBU) (Perris et al., 1980) translated in French by Turgeon & Brousseau (1997).
Type de traitement des données :
« In previous studies, patients with different psychiatric conditions, as compared with matched controls, have reported that their parents were more protective and less caring towards them when they were children. However, studies investigating associations between parental behaviours and anxiety disorders have yielded inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare recalled parental behaviours in out-patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in out-patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), and in non-anxious controls. The sample included 43 out-patients with OCD, 38 with PDA, and 120 controls. Participants completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and the Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran or Own Memories of Parental Rearing Experiences in Childhood. No differences were found between the two anxious groups. However, compared with the control group, anxious patients recalled their parents as more protective.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that child rearing practices such as overprotection may be a risk factor in the development of anxiety disorders. » (p. 310)