Explanatory Model of Health in Bereaved Parents Post-Fetal/Infant Death

Explanatory Model of Health in Bereaved Parents Post-Fetal/Infant Death

Explanatory Model of Health in Bereaved Parents Post-Fetal/Infant Death

Explanatory Model of Health in Bereaved Parents Post-Fetal/Infant Deaths

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Référence bibliographique [4207]

International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 41, no 8, p. 869-880.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« In order to predict the health of bereaved parents following the death of their foetus/infant this study empirically tested the relationships between resources both internal (hardinesse) and external (marital and social support), perception of the event, and health following a perinatal loss, based on the CMFS [...]. » (p. 870)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« H1: Bereaved parents who score higher on hardiness, are more satisfied with their marital and social support, and have a more positive appraisal of the situation have a higher health index.
H2: Bereaved parents who score higher on hardiness a baseline (T1), are more satisfied with their marital and social support at T2/T3, and have a more positive appraisal of the situation at T2/T3 have a higher health index at T2/T3.
H3: There are differences between the models of health for bereaved mothers and bereaved fathers; accordingly, there are also differences in mothers and fathers’ scores on satisfaction with marital and social supports, apparaisal of the situation, and health at T1/T2/T3. » (p. 871)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
220 participants en couples mariés qui ont vécu la perte d’un bébé à l’intérieur de 2 mois vivant aux alentours de Montréal; mères âgées de 19 à 43 ans, pères âgés de 20 à 47 ans

Instruments :
- Lang and Goulet hardiness scale (LGHS);
- Support behaviors inventory (SBI);
- Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scale (FACES II);
- ENRICH marital satisfaction scale (EMSS);
- Subjective appraisal ratings of stressors (SARS);
- Perinatal grief scale (PGS).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« In order to identify which features contribute to attenuating or intensifying the deleterious consequences of a perinatal loss such that some family systems endure and sometimes even thrive when faced with such a situational stressor, while other family units seem to deteriorate and disintegrate under similar circumstances, an explanatory model of health was tested. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine how the relationships between the elements in the model namely: resources both internal (hardiness) and external (marital and social supports), as well as appraisal of the situation, predicted the health of 110 bereaved couples (husbands and wives). » (p. 869)