Référence bibliographique 
Venkatraman, Sonia, Dishion, Thomas J., Kiesner, Jeff et Poulin, François. 2010. «Cross-Cultural Analysis of Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Problem Behavior: Theoretical Challenges of Model Replication When East Meets West». Dans Parental Monitoring of Adolescents: Current Perspectives for Researchers and Practitioners , sous la dir. de Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jaccard, James et Dittus, Patricia, p. 90-123. New York: Columbia University Press.
« This study had two main goals. The first goal was to assess the applicability of a model similar to that identified by Patterson and colleagues (1992). This model looks at the associations between parental monitoring and problem behavior, with deviant peer association as a suggested mediator, among Indian adolescents, in comparison to Italian and French Canadian adolescents. […] The second goal was to compare Indian adolescents to their Italian and French Canadian counterparts with respect to parental monitoring, deviant peer association, problem behavior, and substance use. » (p. 98)
« […] it was hypothesized that Indian adolescents would report higher levels of positive parental monitoring and lower levels of deviant peer association, problem behavior, and substance use than either Italian or French Canadian adolescents. » (p. 98)
L’échantillon comprend 398 adolescents âgés de 13 à 15 ans et provenant d’Inde, d’Italie et du Québec (Montréal).
Type de traitement des données :
« In the Italian and French Canadian samples, the model replicated perfectly. The Indian sample, however, only partially replicated. Parental monitoring uniquely predicted adolescent problem behavior and deviant peer association separately, but the full model was only near significant, as the development of problem deviant peer association did not significantly mediate behavior. The partial replication may be due to the differences in mean levels of deviant peers across cultures. Consistent with our hypothesis, Indian adolescents in fact displayed lower levels of deviant peer association than their Italian and French Canadian counterparts, and lower levels of problem behavior than French Canadian adolescents. However, there were no significant differences among the three samples in terms of parental monitoring, or between Indians and Italians with regard to problem behavior. Support was found, however, for the assertion that lower levels of substance use would be found among Indian adolescents, as compared to Italian and French Canadian adolescents; Indian adolescents reported markedly lower levels of substance use, including cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use. The results concerning deviant peer association and problem behavior are similar to those suggested by other studies (e.g., Greenberger et al. 2000). » (p. 112-113)