Intrinsic Need Satisfaction and Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: An Application of the Self-Determination Theory

Intrinsic Need Satisfaction and Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: An Application of the Self-Determination Theory

Intrinsic Need Satisfaction and Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: An Application of the Self-Determination Theory

Intrinsic Need Satisfaction and Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: An Application of the Self-Determination Theorys

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Référence bibliographique [3365]

Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, vol. 24, no 2, p. 280-292.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The current study examined need satisfaction and well–being in a sample of children and early adolescents. » (p. 282)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« It was hypothesized that satisfaction of each of the three basic psychological needs would have a unique contribution to levels of overall concurrent well–being. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that initial levels of need satisfaction would predict well–being at a 6–week follow–up. Exploratory analyses were performed to examine the effect of overall need satisfaction within different life domains. » (p. 282)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« A total of 331 students from various schools of the English Montreal School Board participated. Participants consisted of 135 third graders (68 boys and 67 girls) and 196 seventh graders (114 boys and 82 girls). The ethnic origin of the participants was distributed as follows. Among third graders, 74.8% were of European origin, 1.5% were of African origin, 2.2% were of Native American origin, 2.2%were of Hispanic origin, 3.7% were of Asian origin, and 15.6% belonged to another ethnic group. Among seventh graders, 58.3% were of European origin, 18.3% were of African origin, 1.7% were of Native American origin, 1.7% were of Hispanic origin, 12.8% were of Asian origin, and 7.2% belonged to another ethnic group. » (pp. 282-283)

Instruments :
- « (Children’s Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale (CINSS; Koestner & Véronneau, 2001). This 18–item questionnaire was adapted for the present study from Deci et al.’s (2001a) Intrinsic Need Satisfaction Scale. This questionnaire consists of three ’need’ subscales (i.e., Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness), and satisfaction of each need is assessed in three different contexts (i.e., at home, at school, and with friends). Each need subscale contains six items. » (p. 283)
- « Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs, 1981). This questionnaire evaluates the presence and severity of cognitive, affective, and behavioral symptoms of depression. Although its original version includes 27 items, the item on suicidality was removed at a school principal’s request, for a total of 26 items. » (p. 283)
- « Children’s Multiple Affect Adjective Check List, Depression Subscale (CMAACL; Abela, Brozina, & Haigh, 2002; Abela & Taylor, 2003). This 24–item questionnaire was adapted from Zuckerman and Lubin’s (1965) Multiple Affect AdjectiveCheck List. The questionnaire consists of a list of self–descriptive adjectives reflecting depressed mood (e.g., sad, unhappy, gloomy) or the absence there of (e.g., interested, good, lucky). Children are asked to indicate how they feel on the day of the assessment by checking the items that best describe them. For the current study, two subscales were created. Twelve items belong to the Negative Affect subscale and the other 12 items belong to the Positive Affect subscale. » (pp. 283-284)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Self–determination theory states that satisfaction of the needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness promotes well–being, with each need making an independent contribution to well–being. Although this prediction has been supported in studies with college students and adults, no study has examined the contribution of each need to concurrent and future levels of well–being in children and adolescents. The current study examined the relation of need satisfaction to concurrent and future levels of well–being in a sample of 331 third and seventh graders. Satisfaction of the need for autonomy was associated with concurrent positive and negative affect. Satisfaction of the need for competence was associated with concurrent positive and negative affect and depressive symptoms, as well as future levels of negative affect and depressive symptoms. Satisfaction of the need for relatedness was associated with concurrent and future levels of positive affect. These results suggest that during middle childhood and early adolescence, as at other developmental stages, satisfaction of all three needs is associated with well–being. » (p. 280)