Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Age

Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Age

Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Age

Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Ages

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Référence bibliographique [2761]

Bergeron, Lise, Valla, Jean-Pierre, Smolla, Nicole, Piché, Geneviève, Berthiaume, Claude et St-Georges, Marie. 2007. «Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Age ». Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol. 35, no 3, p. 459-474.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The general objective of the present study was to identify correlates of [...] depressive disorders, based on the data of the [Quebec Child Mental Health Survey] QCMHS. » (p. 460)

Questions/Hypothèses :
- What are the « [...] psychosocial correlates of DSM-III-R depressive disorders in two age-groups (6–11 and 12–14 years), according to informant (child/adolescent, parent), from among three categories of characteristics: child/adolescent (e.g., age, gender, progression in school), family (e.g., family structure, only-child status, parent-child relationship) and socioeconomic variables (e.g., parents’ level of education, family income) »? (p. 462)
- How « [...] interpret the relative importance of correlates by ranking variables according to the strength and consistency of association across age-groups »? (p. 462)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
2400 dyades parents-enfants

Instruments :
- « [...] the Dominic (Valla, Bergeron, Bérubé, Gaudet, & St.-Georges,1994; Valla, Bergeron, & Smolla, 2000) [...] » (p. 463)
- « [...] Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, second version (DISC-2.25: Shaffer, Fisher, Piacentini, Schwab-Stone, & Wicks, 1991) by children aged 9 to 11 (Breton et al., 1995). » (p. 463)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Our results confirmed the hypothesis of a multifactorial model of depression at different stages of development. The hypothesis concerning the major role of family context in the process of intergenerational transmission of depression is also supported by the important contribution of family characteristics to depressive disorders in children and adolescents aged 6–14 years old. However, this study suggests a variation of some individual (e.g., gender, chronic physical illness) and socioeconomic (family income) characteristics according to the stage of development. In addition, our results revealed considerable inter-informant variability with respect to the correlates of depressive disorders in children aged 6–11 years and in adolescents aged 12–14 years. This represents the most original finding of the present study. In this context, the results highlight the unique contribution of the correlates associated with depressive disorders according to child/adolescent report. Finally, this study contributes to the knowledge of psychosocial characteristics, which increase the vulnerability of children and adolescents to unipolar depression. It has an important implication for preventive interventions targeted at high-risk groups (e.g., Costello et al., 2002; Costello, Egger, & Angold, 2005; Goodman & Gotlib, 2002). This study supports the relevance of interventions targeting depressed parents or other high-risk environments, including parent-child relational difficulties and family stress (e.g., Goodman & Gotlib, 2002). » (p. 472)