Nonmaternal Care in Infancy and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties at 4 Years Old: Moderation by Family Risk Characteristics

Nonmaternal Care in Infancy and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties at 4 Years Old: Moderation by Family Risk Characteristics

Nonmaternal Care in Infancy and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties at 4 Years Old: Moderation by Family Risk Characteristics

Nonmaternal Care in Infancy and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties at 4 Years Old: Moderation by Family Risk Characteristicss

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Référence bibliographique [2052]

Developmental Psychology, vol. 44, no 1, p. 155-168.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« [...] examine the moderating role of family and children’s characteristics (temperament and sex) in the association between type of care initiated in infancy and emotional problems and physical aggression at 4 years old. » (p. 157)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
1 358 enfants âgés de 1 à 12 mois

Instruments :
- Les auteurs ont créé un « [...] family risk index builds on previous work (Borge et al., 2004). » (p. 158);
- « [...] family assessment scale (Boyle et al., 1987) [...] » (p. 159);
- « [...] a short version of the Center for Epidemiological Study Depression scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) [...] » (p. 159);
- « [...] the Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (Bates, 1987) [...] » (p. 159).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the family environment and of children’s characteristics (the sex and the [nonmaternal care] NMC in the 1st year of life and behavior and emotional problems prior to school entry (4 years old) among a large and nationally representative sample. [...] our results show different patterns of associations between child care during infancy for children from high- and low-risk family backgrounds and for boys and girls. With regard to both physical aggression and emotional problems, the association with type of care was different depending on the presence or absence of family risk. The results indicate that, in the sample as a whole, children in NMC in the 1st year of life did not exhibit higher levels of physical aggression at 4 years old but exhibited somewhat higher levels of emotional problems. » (p. 164)