The Effect of Work-Family Conflicts on Withdrawal Behaviours in the Healthcare Sector

The Effect of Work-Family Conflicts on Withdrawal Behaviours in the Healthcare Sector

The Effect of Work-Family Conflicts on Withdrawal Behaviours in the Healthcare Sector

The Effect of Work-Family Conflicts on Withdrawal Behaviours in the Healthcare Sectors

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [19952]

Prisma Social, no 18, p. 434-453.

Accéder à la publication

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of six forms of work-family conflicts on four withdrawal behaviours (absenteeism, late arrival, early departure, and work interruptions) using two theoretical structures, the ''stress management model'' and the ''domain specific predictor-to-outcomes model''.» (p. 447)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«H1a: Time-based FIW [family interferences with work] will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism). H1b: Time-based WIF [work interferences with family] will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism). […] H2a: Strain-based FIW will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism). H2b: Strain-based WIF will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism). […] H3a: Behaviour-based FIW will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism). H3b: Behaviour-based WIF will increase withdrawal behaviors (late arrivals, early departures, work interruptions and absenteeism).» (p. 439-441)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
The sample includes 402 nurses «working at the Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Sherbrooke (CHUS).» (p. 442)

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«We found partial support for the hypotheses drawn from the stress management model, in the sense that strain-based FIW positively affect absences and work interruptions (H2a partially supported), while time-based and behavioral-based FIW do not affect withdrawal behaviors (H1a and H3a not supported). On the other hand, all the hypotheses deduced from the domain-specific predictors-to-outcomes model (H1b, H2b and H3b) were rejected. […] Our results shed new light on the dynamics of these relationships, revealing that the six dimensions of work-family interferences do not all appear to have the same incidence on absenteeism, tardiness, work interruptions, and early departures. […] Absenteeism is shown to be positively influenced by strain-based interference from family life, in particular in the case of younger respondents. [Late arrival] only seems to be a function of the number of hours worked per week […] and, especially, the number of dependants […].» (p. 447) «In the matter of work interruptions, it is worth noting that only the number of dependants shows significant correlation […].» (p. 448) «With regard to the connection between the various dimensions of work-family conflict and early departure from work, we emphasize that only the number of hours worked per week proves relevant […].» (p. 448)