Associations Among the Food Environment, Diet Quality and Weight Status in Cree Children in Quebec

Associations Among the Food Environment, Diet Quality and Weight Status in Cree Children in Quebec

Associations Among the Food Environment, Diet Quality and Weight Status in Cree Children in Quebec

Associations Among the Food Environment, Diet Quality and Weight Status in Cree Children in Quebecs

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Référence bibliographique [1410]

Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no 9, p. 1504-1511.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The objective is « [t]o explore the relationship among children’s diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada. » (p. 1504)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Environ 200 enfants en 4e et 6e année provenant de deux communautés cris du Nord du Québec ont été suivis.

Instruments:
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


In this study, « […] children’s BMI [body mass index] was calculated, diet quality was assessed using three 24 h dietary recalls and children were asked about their home food environment and source of meals. […]The majority (64.2%) of children were overweight (29.9%) or obese (34.3%). Weight status was not associated with reported restaurant meal frequency or the home food environment. The 18% of children who consumed three or more restaurant meals in the three days of recall consumed, on average, 2004 kJ (479 kcal) more energy daily than children consuming no restaurant meals and had higher intakes of fat, Saturated fat, Ca and soda. Most foods contributing to energy and dietary fat were energy-dense market foods of low nutritional value such as sweetened beverages and snack foods. Only 68% of children reported often having fruits and vegetables in the home and 98.5% of children consumed less than 5 fruits and vegetables daily. […] Traditional game meat was consumed infrequently, but contributed significantly to Fe and Zn intake. […] Childhood obesity in subarctic communities prevailed in a food environment typified by high-energy-density commercial foods of low nutritional value. » (p. 1504) Cette étude évaluait aussi la nature de l’environnement familial alimentaire de ces enfants.