Cancer Prevention and the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Psychosocial and Behavioural Factors Involved in Vaccination Decision-Making

Cancer Prevention and the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Psychosocial and Behavioural Factors Involved in Vaccination Decision-Making

Cancer Prevention and the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Psychosocial and Behavioural Factors Involved in Vaccination Decision-Making

Cancer Prevention and the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Psychosocial and Behavioural Factors Involved in Vaccination Decision-Makings

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«Cette thèse [par articles] a pour but d’examiner les facteurs psychosociaux et de comportement, associés à la décision de recevoir ou non le vaccin contre les virus du papillome humain (VPH). […] [L]’étude 4 a identifié les facteurs clés entre les parents qui ont accepté, et ceux qui ont refusé le vaccin VPH pour leurs jeunes filles.» (p. 19-20)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Based on the HBM [health belief model], we hypothesized that parental acceptance of the HPV vaccine will be related to greater perceived susceptibility of daughters to HPV infection, greater perceived severity of the infection, more perceived benefits of the vaccine, fewer perceived barriers, and more cues to action [...]. Second, beyond the HBM constructs, we hypothesized that facilitating, individual factors such as positive vaccination attitudes, perceived vaccine safety, anticipated inaction regret (worry about regretting not accept the vaccine) and HPV and HPV [sic] vaccine knowledge; behavioural factors, including adherence to routinely recommended vaccination; and social factors, including positive media exposure and social norms, would be associated with vaccine acceptability.» (p. 102)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«A random sample of 2500 parents of 9-10 year old girls, who were offered the HPV vaccine at no cost in the context of a universal school vaccination program, were invited to participate in the study by mail.» (p. 98)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Most respondents (88.2%) reported accepting the HPV vaccine for their daughter. The HBM constructs (perceived susceptibility of daughters to HPV infection, perceived benefits of the vaccine, perceived barriers, and cues to action) distinguished between parents who accepted and parents who refused the HPV vaccine. In particular, parental perception of vaccine safety was the strongest factor associated with acceptance. Further, perceived safety was a significant independent contributor beyond all other HBM constructs. Other significant factors associated with parental intention and not included in the theoretical framework were vaccination attitudes, anticipated regret, adherence to other routinely recommended vaccines, social norms, and positive media influence.» (p. 98)